How to learn to speak beautifully - competent speech and correct communication manners

A person who has wondered how to learn to speak beautifully needs to regularly perform a number of exercises to help master oratory techniques and improve knowledge of his native language.

Knowledge of basic grammatical rules, word meanings, expanded vocabulary, etc. will help you learn to speak Russian competently.

How and why do you need to learn to express your thoughts beautifully and competently?

Beautiful and correct speech facilitates the communication process. It becomes easier to talk with people, communicate with the audience, it is possible to win the attention of listeners, convince, and encourage them to take some action.

If a person makes his speech literate, then it will be easier to gain authority among others, since the ability to correctly express thoughts indicates a developed intellect, and smart people are respected at all times.

However, this skill is not easy to acquire. It is necessary to work on the content of speech, its form, and also devote a lot of time to practicing diction. You can speak like an intelligent, well-read person only if you devote time to reading books that not only expand your vocabulary, but also develop your imagination and thinking.

Diction training

Beautiful speech has several characteristics. One of the important ones is diction. Before you start practicing sounds, you should build proper breathing. If you do not pay due attention to this, problems may arise in the form of voice failure and unnecessary pauses, which can cause a distorted understanding of words.

Before you start developing diction, you should record your voice on a voice recorder and carefully listen to the recording yourself, ask your friends to do it. Other people's opinions are important because they help you hear the shortcomings that need to be worked on.

The most common mistakes are unclear pronunciation of some consonant or vowel sounds, their incorrect connection, difficulty in pronouncing soft or hard sounds, etc.

A speech therapist can help you learn to speak quickly and correctly. However, with mild defects a person can cope independently. Thus, classes to improve diction should begin with exercises aimed at relaxing the muscles that allow you to pronounce words correctly. It is necessary to gradually move from simple tasks to complex ones, and devote time to them every day. Each lesson should have its own goal and until it is achieved, you cannot move on to another type of work. Sometimes you should return to exercises that you have already completed and mastered.

How to put a voice?

The secrets of public speaking involve training your voice using a special technique for training its strength, range and timbre. The speaker needs to change the sound of his speech, in some places highlighting important information with his voice. The use of intonation techniques largely depends on a person’s vocal capabilities.

Working on the content and technique of your speech

Learning to speak correctly does not mean speaking quickly. This pace is often difficult for listeners to perceive, so the information is poorly absorbed. To practice the skill of pronouncing words at the right pace, you need to pronounce simple speech material at different speeds (list numbers, names of cities, names, months, etc.).

You will be able to control your speech better if you speak these spoken rows in reverse order.

Speech development

Competent speech is increasingly becoming a rarity, since most people spend a lot of time not reading books and live communication, but in front of TV screens and monitors. In addition, the lack of examples of literate speech also does not contribute to its development. However, if you wish, you can master the art of oratory. However, to get rid of tongue-tiedness, you will have to make a lot of effort.

Main causes of speech problems

It is impossible to achieve positive results in the development of diction if you do not understand the causes of speech disorders. Only rarely are they associated with health problems and develop, for example, due to an abnormal jaw structure or a short frenulum of the tongue.

For many people, speech problems are caused by incorrect pronunciation of whistling and hissing sounds, as well as the absence of the “L” or “R” sounds, or a violation of their pronunciation. A weakened articulatory apparatus may also be the cause.

Even if a person can speak well, pronouncing all sounds correctly, in particularly significant situations his speech may become slurred and unclear. After all, when pronouncing words, the articulatory apparatus needs to very quickly switch from one movement to another. This can only be achieved through active and intensive work of the muscles that need to be trained, for example, by regularly pronouncing tongue twisters for diction.

However, the main reason for slurred, quiet speech is a person’s shyness and lack of self-confidence. In such a situation, the development of diction is a secondary problem. First of all, you need to work on your own character and fight complexes.

Learning to speak beautifully

You can learn to speak beautifully and competently only with an integrated approach to this issue. Correct speech lessons should include different exercises every day. At the same time, psychological aspects also play an important role in acquiring beautiful speech.

The main thing is perseverance and desire.

You can develop beautiful speech through perseverance, determination and patience. The ability to speak correctly and beautifully will not appear immediately, so you should not expect quick results. Mastering the desired skill is only possible if a person is determined to achieve the goal, regardless of time. In addition, it is necessary that the activities bring pleasure and not become daily torture.

You should devote as much time as possible to your studies, even using your free time for them. For example, you can begin, without stopping, to describe the object in front of your eyes. The content of the speech does not matter, the main thing is the absence of pauses and melody. Over time, attentiveness and thinking will begin to develop, which will also affect the quality of speech.

Build self-confidence

It is possible to develop speech and learn to speak beautifully only if a person believes in his own abilities and reinforces his motivation with the results already achieved. Fear is a great danger for a speaker, because it can lead to muscle tightening, which will cause the voice to tremble.

A person with correct self-esteem can speak confidently and without hesitation. Special benefits for developing self-confidence can help raise it. The future speaker needs to understand that anyone can achieve beautiful speech. Every voice is beautiful in its own way, every person has sufficient abilities to learn how to express their thoughts well. Some people may need a little more time to do this.

Speaking loudly, beautifully, and enjoying the language is most often possible if a person has a good command of information on the subject about which he is speaking. Therefore, you should not only practice your speaking technique, but also expand your knowledge in various areas.

Build sentences correctly. Arrangement of future words

To learn to speak beautifully and competently, you need to get rid of the filler words that often fill your speech. Another problem is that people often jump from one topic to another in their monologues or get confused about cause and effect.

To clearly formulate and correctly express your thoughts, you must adhere to the following recommendations:

  • read aloud, maintaining clear pronunciation, and then retell what you read, monitoring the purity of speech (the presence of unnecessary words);
  • describe everything that happened during the day, using short sentences and maintaining a temporal sequence;
  • read and memorize aphorisms;
  • after reading the text, make a plan and then retell it;
  • learn poems and tongue twisters;
  • highlight the main idea in the text;
  • regularly select synonyms for words.

Communication with literate, intelligent people also contributes to the development of thinking and language.

Increase your vocabulary. Reading books

You can learn to speak competently faster if you read books. Reading should become a daily ritual. At the same time, it is better to dedicate time for it not only before bedtime, but also in the morning or daytime hours, when the brain works more intensely.

Speech literacy depends on what books a person reads.

To acquire the skill of speaking beautifully, you need to get acquainted with works of classical literature, the language of which is rich and precise.

Reading must be active, i.e. a person must reflect on what he read, partly enter into polemics with the author or, conversely, agree with him, giving supporting examples from his own experience. If there are unfamiliar words in the book, you should first try to guess their meaning from the context, and then be sure to check your assumptions using an explanatory dictionary.

Another way to increase your vocabulary is to read dictionaries on various topics or collections of aphorisms, proverbs, and catchphrases. Working with reference literature containing lists of paronyms, synonyms, antonyms and terms will enrich the vocabulary of a novice speaker.

Learn to speak on any topic

A person who has some knowledge on a subject (even if it is shallow) will feel more confident in any society. You can always clarify what is unclear or ask about the unknown, but you must have at least some information on the topic. To do this, you should read periodicals, incl. sections relating to politics, economics, sports and other areas of human life. After reading, it is better to briefly summarize what you read, which will allow you to train your memory and practice the skill of correctly constructing sentences.

Working with a dictionary and becoming familiar with various terms will help you learn to express your thoughts correctly.

Retell the information received

Retelling exercise is one of the most important types of tasks that should be done in order to develop literate speech. When a person retells material he has read or heard, he not only understands and remembers it better, but also learns words and various phrases that turn from passive vocabulary into active vocabulary. The more constructions there are in a speech, the more interesting it becomes.

A good source for enriching speech is literature. You can read both fiction and journalistic works. Each author has a special way of expressing his thoughts. You can stream the content of movies or interesting TV shows you recently watched. Retelling exercises will provide an opportunity to expand your own understanding of language, develop memory, imagination and thinking.

Learn to highlight the main thing

People like to listen to speakers whose presentation is informative. A speech with a minimum amount of important information, unnecessary details that do not affect the listeners in any way, will not have the desired effect, even if a person has learned to express his thoughts well.

If it is necessary to convey any amount of information in a speech, it is better to use one of the following techniques: exclusion, generalization or replacement. You can practice them on texts of any subject. The main thing is to do the work regularly.

To speak beautifully means to speak meaningfully, correctly placing semantic accents. It is necessary to find a middle ground that will not allow the speech to become dry, devoid of emotionality, or overly lengthy. Start your speech with an aphorism, a short parable that will become an epigraph to your message, and then move on to a logical presentation of your thoughts, accompanying them with 1-2 short examples.

When delivering a report, it is necessary to constantly monitor the public's reaction. If people do not show interest, it is necessary to enliven the speech with some vivid comparisons.

Use gestures and facial expressions

In persuasive speech, not only words are important, but also gestures, facial expressions, and body position. If a person’s hands get in the way when speaking and he doesn’t know where to put them, then the speech will not produce the expected effect. The speaker should look harmonious, his facial expression should be sincere, and his gestures should be natural.

You can see the mistakes that were made during the performance in the video recording. Watching it repeatedly will help you find weak spots and practice your gestures in front of the mirror. Extra gestures will not help make your speech beautiful, so you should adhere to moderation in this matter.

Avoid tautology

A tautology is a figure of speech in which words that have the same root are used in the same phrase. The best characteristic of the tautology is oil. Awareness will help improve speech; a person must thoughtfully construct each phrase, checking whether it contains speech errors.

You can improve your speech by pre-recording it in a text editor or on a voice recorder. After different periods of time, it must be read or listened to several times, then speech deficiencies will be visible. You can get rid of tautology and say the same idea beautifully only by expanding your vocabulary and selecting synonyms.

Get rid of parasitic words

Parasitic words (“like”, “as if”, “well”, “this” and others) minimize not only the literacy of speech, but also its persuasiveness.

Getting rid of verbal garbage is not easy; you need to constantly monitor your speech. To do this, you need to slow down the pace as much as possible, and as soon as an unnecessary word wants to roll off your tongue, stop. Such work requires strong will and is difficult. The results will also not appear immediately. However, perseverance will help you overcome this deficiency and subsequently gain the ability to speak correctly.

Expand your speaking practice. Public performance

To achieve beautiful speech, you need to practice a lot. It does not matter where and with whom the person will have the conversation. You can talk with friends about a movie you watched, a lecture you listened to, or a book you read.

Dialogue is the most effective way to develop speech, since the interlocutor will give impetus to the development of various thoughts that need to be put into words.

Learning to talk a lot does not mean learning to speak well. Speech must be coherent and meaningful. It must contain arguments. A person who wants to express thoughts beautifully must always take into account the speech situation, paying attention to the age of the interlocutor, the characteristics of his worldview, interests, etc. It is necessary to develop the ability to adapt to various conditions. This skill can only be developed by expanding speaking practice.

When preparing for a public speech, a novice speaker must memorize the text. You should only stick to topics in which the speaker is well versed. If a mistake was made, one should not focus attention; one should speak further.

If the speaker feels tense, he should take several deep breaths, doing this as quietly as possible.

What can a modern speech therapist offer for the development of speech of a child and an adult?

“The longer I work as a speech therapist, the more new and interesting things I learn,” says Vita Belukha. “Children change, parents change, and we, specialists, must keep up with the times. Today, a speech therapist can use a wide variety of techniques in his work: logorhythmics, music therapy, body-oriented techniques. Music improves the tone of the cerebral cortex and also evokes positive emotions in the child. The motor system is directly related to the development of his mental functions and so on.”

Speech is one of the most complex types of movement, and these movements always have some purpose. After all, we usually speak with a specific purpose, and not just move our tongue, move our lips and strain our larynx. Therefore, if you think about and analyze our usual life, it is impossible to imagine a single sensation that we could get without using movement.

“In my work, I first develop a skill separately - for example, pronouncing sounds in the syllables “ra-ro-ru”, and then combine this with simple movements: for example, hands down - “ra”, hands up - “ro” , arms to the sides - “ru”. And only then I “turn on” more complex activities. As a result, the child’s activities become more complicated, but he still does not lose the acquired skill,” our expert shares the secrets of his technique.

Through physical activity, children are much more interested in working, and the necessary knowledge, skills and abilities are given to them more easily and are better consolidated. This is especially true for children with severe speech impairment (SSD). Using various technologies in speech therapy classes, it is possible to achieve significant improvements in the correction of these problems.

Charging for lips and cheeks

Charging is completed within 2-3 minutes. When performing it, it is important to keep your back straight. You should rub your earlobes with your palms, and then begin to lightly bite your tongue, starting from its tip and ending with the base. Then the lips curl into a tube and try to smile. The next exercise is to move your lips clockwise and counterclockwise.

To develop the muscles of the cheeks, they make movements that imitate gargling: they tilt their head back and try to make movements with their tongue and larynx that correspond to the gargling procedure. In this case, no sounds should be made.

To relax the larynx and ligaments, you can yawn several times, quickly say several tongue twisters for different sounds, or read poetry by heart.

What to consider when communicating with others

Record your casual conversations with friends on a voice recorder. This trick will show you the mistakes you are making. More often it is:

  • Parasite words . Frequently used words for connecting speech, such as “in short,” “as if,” “probably,” indicating indecision, reduce the significance of what is said. Try to remove slang and jargon from your speech. Do not shorten the words, pronounce them in full. And most importantly, remove obscene language from your speech.
  • Fast speech . Speech without pauses prevents listeners from concentrating on what is being said. Many phrases come out crumpled. If among the listeners there are people with hearing problems, then half of them will not hear at all.
  • Mangling words and incorrect stress. Pay attention to how others pronounce words. If you put an accent somewhere else, check yourself with a dictionary.

Inappropriate facial expressions and gestures will also distract people’s attention from speech. They should emphasize what they are saying, so there is no need to wave your arms too much or smile excessively. Movements should be smooth and the face should express calmness. Practice in front of a mirror. Pay attention to your posture. The back should be straight and the shoulders should be turned. This will convey confidence, which will attract listeners to you.

Read further: What can gestures tell us? 75 Signs of Body Language

Learning to breathe correctly

Exercises to train breathing from the diaphragm

Constant breathing training will help a person master the ability to speak beautifully. The most suitable is the diaphragmatic-costal one. It involves a quick, light inhalation, which slightly lifts the abdominal muscles and slightly expands part of the chest. Exhalation is done through the mouth, the air passes slowly and smoothly.

At first, when performing the exercise, you should place your hand on the diaphragm area for control (it should be tense, while the shoulders and chest do not move).

How to manipulate people

The ability to manipulate people is not the best quality in a person.
As a rule, this ability is associated with such associated character traits as selfishness, cunning, self-interest, lust for power, and capriciousness. And the tools of manipulation are pressure on conscience or pity, hysteria, threats, the ability to speak beautifully and convincingly. Psychologists know manipulative phrases, although even small children are capable of manipulating adults if they succeed at least once. As a rule, those who selflessly love or trust limitlessly are manipulated.

Secrets of good manners

A person who wants to learn how to express his thoughts beautifully must remember the importance of common culture. You need to speak not only confidently and kindly, but also develop important communication skills.

Use verified data

When making arguments in a speech, you should use only verified data. Unconfirmed information will make the speech unconvincing and raise doubts. You should always cite the source of information. If the speaker is not sure of the reliability of the given fact, it is necessary to say so, using the following phrases: “I’m not sure if this is true, but...”, “I think so, but maybe I’m wrong...”, etc.

In the ability to speak beautifully, an important role is played by the sincerity of the speaker and his desire to make a report or message the most complete, reliable, and useful.

Arm yourself with arguments

In a dispute, you cannot ridicule or insult your interlocutor, humiliate his dignity or accuse him of ignorance. You can eloquently prove your case only with the help of irrefutable arguments. Each fact must be supported by some evidence, and it is better to use scientific data, statistical studies, experiments, photographs, video or audio recordings. You can resort to reference books, textbooks, and encyclopedias. Logical conclusions can also help in argumentation if the speaker manages to show the entire chain of thought.

Maintain clean speech

Only a person who knows their native language well can speak competently. If a speaker often uses borrowed words, this will negatively affect the quality of his speech. Most words have synonyms in Russian, and it is preferable to use them.

The use of profanity, jargon, and euphemisms is unacceptable in public speeches, in formal conversations, and even in informal communication. Although many speakers resort to this method, trying to make their speech more vivid or accessible.

Sentences should be constructed correctly and in such a way that they meet the norms of the literary Russian language.

Pay attention to sound

Clear speech and rich speech patterns are sure to attract the listener's attention. It is necessary to try to stick to one tone, changing it only to enliven speech. Arrogance. arrogance and didacticism will reduce the impact of any speech, since they will put the listener in a lower position, which is unacceptable in the communication process.

Establish contact with your interlocutor

Few people are willing to listen to long monologues, so you need to talk to the people the speaker is speaking to. You can ask listeners whether they agree with the argument or thesis presented, whether they are interested in this topic, etc.

The manner of communication should be easy, friendly, and exclude any aggression or negativity. You should address your interlocutor by name.

Find a balance between topic and digressions

A conversation on any topic does not involve a lot of jokes and digressions. Even with competent speech, this will negatively affect communication. It is necessary to adhere to a given topic that interests the interlocutor or the person who came to listen to the speech.

The most effective tongue twisters for improving diction in adults

I wrote above about the importance of tongue twisters for the development of ideal diction for an adult. I will only note that after recording your voice, you must decide which speech sounds do not suit you. Perhaps it will be hissing or “l-r”, or other sounds. And in accordance with your observations, select tongue twisters that work specifically on them. And for prevention, you can train them all.

  • The Ligurian traffic controller regulated in Liguria.
  • The protocol about the protocol was recorded by the protocol.
  • Don’t smoke, Turk, pipe, better buy a pile of peaks, better buy a pile of peaks.
  • The angry widow put the firewood into the barn: once firewood, two firewood, three firewood - all the firewood could not fit, and two woodcutters, two woodcutters, for the emotional Varvara, expelled the firewood across the width of the yard back to the woodyard, where the heron withered, the heron withered, the heron died .
  • Just as you can’t ring all the bells, you can’t beat them again, you can’t beat all the tongue twisters, you can’t speed them up, but trying is not torture.

Well, something easier.

  • Tell us about your purchases, about which purchases, about your purchases, about your purchases, about your purchases.
  • The bull was blunt-lipped, the bull was blunt-lipped, the bull's white lip was dull.
  • The pig snouted, white-nosed, blunt-nosed, dug up half the yard with its snout, dug, dug.
  • Advertising for grips has seams with coverage, but potholders without coverage have been snatched up.
  • In the shallows we lazily caught burbot, in the shallows we caught tench.
  • Their pesticides are not comparable to ours in terms of their pesticide effectiveness.
  • We ate and ate ruffs at the spruce tree, we barely finished them off.
  • Appreciates the flail cut by the braid.
  • The hedgehog has a hedgehog, the snake has a squeeze.
  • From the clatter of hooves, dust flies across the field.

Tongue twisters are good for developing memory and attention in adults, in addition to speech.

Tongue twister to improve diction

Variety of daily contacts

Each of us lives among people. A new day brings many contacts. Among them are communication with old acquaintances, work colleagues, relatives and random people. Therefore, for many of us, the question of how to learn to speak beautifully is very important. If we are listened to and understood correctly, then we quickly get what we want.

These can be short dialogues relating to everyday topics:

  1. Shopping for bread at the store.
  2. Order to the waiter.
  3. Payments with the courier.

Communication in the family, which is usually not given much importance, is of no small importance. After all, such dialogues take place in a relaxed atmosphere. It is already more difficult to speak at a meeting in front of colleagues, telling them about the features of the new project. Therefore, the question of how to learn to speak beautifully worries almost everyone.

Vocabulary expansion

To feel free when expressing thoughts, to easily find the right words, you should engage in self-study and enrich your vocabulary. For this purpose, you can use a tool such as a TV. For this purpose alone, it is preferable to be alone at home. You just need to turn on the news program and imitate the announcer. You should also take all pauses. As a result, your vocabulary will increase and your speech will become smoother.

When reading fiction, you will be able to enrich your speech with beautiful turns of phrase. These works must be written in Russian. And you should choose the creations of great classics and modern authors. After any reading, your vocabulary will be replenished. And the meaning of unknown words can be found out using a dictionary or the Internet.

Getting rid of public fear

Communication in front of an audience of unfamiliar listeners or with colleagues is often overshadowed by embarrassment, anxiety, and a feeling of constraint. But even at a celebration, it is very difficult to express congratulations out loud. At a birthday, wedding, or anniversary, it’s easy to feel nervous when speaking in front of guests. We learn to speak beautifully, so we need to think about our speech in advance and write it down on paper. This will allow you to remember it and perform better in front of the public.

A person is often able to tell a lot about his activities. In this case, the formation of vocabulary is carried out involuntarily and due to the daily repetition of similar phrases and terms.


An indisputable sign of a culture of speech is a clearly thought-out composition of a statement. It would be rude to begin the story without greeting the audience. Or start your speech with the climax of the story.

Is it possible to master the skill of composition? Yes. To do this, several conditions must be met:

  • a clear understanding of the main idea and purpose of communication;
  • fluency in the material;
  • listener's feeling;
  • the ability to quickly respond to audience cues and rearrange speech;
  • the ability to remain at ease during communication, not to strain the body, to “juggle” intonations.

A properly constructed composition allows the speaker to command and control the attention of listeners. Increase interest if the audience has cooled down. To enliven speech and make it emotionally attractive to listeners, perform the exercise of the ancient Greek philosopher and rhetorician Gorgias.

Take any item. For example, a pot of cactus. Sing his praises for a minute. Remember its positive qualities, benefits, describe the visual appeal of the item in the brightest colors. Then immediately blaspheme him for a minute.

Try to be as categorical as possible, radical both in censure and applause. Be sure to express your emotions non-verbally: facial expressions, gestures, eye expressions. Show freedom in your intonation.


Logic is the ability to consistently present thoughts, eliminate contradictions between them and construct a coherent text. For every statement you make to be true, you must follow the 4 basic laws of logic and avoid logical errors.

  1. Law of identity.

One reasoning - one thought.

A typical example of a violation of the law of identity: “The deadliest tsunami occurred in 2004: more than 230 thousand people died on the island of Sumatra, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and India. Tsunamis are caused by underwater earthquakes. The magnitude can reach... The most destructive tsunamis in the history of mankind occurred...To save your life, you need...”.

In the example, the theme of the 2004 tsunami flows into a story about the tsunami as a phenomenon in general. Two narrative threads appear instead of one.

  1. Law of the excluded middle.

Of two mutually exclusive statements, one is true, the other is false, and the third is not given.

An example of a violation of this law: “The tourists have no food left. For three – only a can of sprat and two oranges.”

  1. Law of contradiction.

Statements that are opposite in meaning cannot be true at the same time.

An example of a violation of the law of contradiction: “Everyone knows that Stalin did not have a hobby. What hobbies did Stalin have? In this case, only one statement is true: either Stalin did not have a hobby, or he did.

  1. Law of sufficient reason.

Each statement must be supported by convincing evidence.

An example of a violation of this law: “Kolya is a thief because he signed the testimony.” There is a violation of logic here, because signing a testimony does not mean proving guilt.

Here you will find a list of useful literature that will help you avoid making logical errors.

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