What kind of mood does a person have - types in psychology

The list containing definitions of what kind of mood a person is in includes about 50 words. Psychologists name the types of mood that a person can have using adjectives - playful or cheerful, elated or cheerful, depressed or nasty, belligerent or sad. The list continues with definitions - playful or romantic, frivolous or carefree, good-natured or enthusiastic, gloomy or gloomy. These words help convey the subtleties of well-being, describe the nuances of the state of mind in which an individual resides at certain moments in life.

Definition of the concept

It is difficult to give an exact definition of what a mood is. This concept is not easy due to its uniqueness and non-objectivity in each specific case. The authors of scientific works agree that mood is an internal psychological or emotional state that conveys the characteristics of physical existence, the spiritual world and the mental organization of a person in the context of ongoing events. The condition is reflected in all activities and becomes noticeable in behavior.

The formation of mood is influenced by a combination of factors, among which are:

  • Health status. There are many processes going on in the body, including the production of certain hormones that affect mood. However, they are not as noticeable as the presence of pain, malaise or a cold, which make themselves felt and worsen overall well-being, affecting behavior.
  • Presence of psychological illnesses. If a person is mentally ill, he goes to extremes: a very depressed and sad mood during depression, extremely elated during mania syndrome. When it comes to bipolar mental disorders, both extremes are observed.
  • Personal characteristics of character and temperament. They set the general emotional tone: what mood prevails, and what frequency of mood changes is characteristic.
  • Personal experience. Stable emotional associations with past events are deposited in memory, and returning to them influences the perception of a similar situation in the present. Associations arise without human control; the source may be unknown and located in the subconscious.
  • Living conditions, all external factors. Any event and interaction with other people causes a bouquet of experiences that colors the mood positively or negatively.
  • Use of medications, alcohol, drugs.

Application of the Abraham Hicks scale to assess the condition

To create an accurate psychological description of a person’s emotional states and identify disturbances in the emotional sphere, you can use the Abraham Hicks scale. It can be used to describe a wide range of feelings - from negative to positive. Feelings on the scale are divided by color.

It is important to remember the feature of the scale. It is impossible to move along the scale from one side to the other without passing through intermediate stages. For example, it is impossible to go from suffering immediately to joy. Colors go from red to purple. The neutral zone, which is located in the center, is indicated in green.

Red zone


  • hopelessness;
  • impotence;
  • depression;
  • despair;
  • uncertainty;
  • bitterness;
  • envy;
  • misfortune;
  • humiliation;
  • fear;
  • shame;
  • abandonment.

To move through the negative zone, you need to experience negativity, try to express it in order to move towards positive emotions.


The orange zone is less negative, but the sensations remain bad:

  • fright;
  • detachment;
  • indignation;
  • undervalued;
  • anger;
  • revenge;
  • guilt;
  • mistrust;
  • resentment;
  • hatred;
  • discouragement.

It is important to be patient when navigating the different zones of the scale. To get rid of negative feelings, you can use natural psychological defense mechanisms, for example, shifting the blame to others. This helps to free yourself from negativity.


This is an area of ​​disappointment. Feelings:

  • anxiety;
  • sadness;
  • disappointment;
  • irritation;
  • doubt;
  • self-pity;
  • loneliness;
  • depression;
  • anxiety;
  • regret.

When passing through this and the next zone, psychologists recommend retuning to positive thoughts.


Neutral zone. The main manifestation is boredom. Feelings become mixed as there is a transition between positive and negative emotions. The subject is unable to accurately describe his condition. He's not good, but he's not bad either. To him:

  • boring;
  • empty;
  • Fine;
  • indifferent.

At this stage, it is important to relax and try to renounce any feelings. You will feel temporarily tired. The person does not know what to do next. The main thing is not to give in to negativity. You need to try to rest.


At this stage, the subject begins to have hope. Characterized by:

  • trust;
  • value;
  • nobility;
  • fun;
  • acceptance;
  • interest.


With each stage the feelings will get better. At this stage, self-confidence appears. Its goal is to move from hope to faith. It is important to have the right mindset so that only good things happen. The blue zone is characterized by:

  • confidence;
  • approval;
  • respect;
  • anticipation of interesting events.

At this level a person feels security and satisfaction. He develops enthusiasm and strength to achieve his goals.


The last zone is purple. This stage is characterized by a feeling of invincibility. To feel global positive changes, you need to stay in this zone for at least three days in a row. If this condition persists for a month or more, your life position and train of thoughts will change. Most likely, material changes will occur - changing jobs, moving to a new place of residence, moving up the career ladder.

Main types

Low self-esteem in a person from a psychological point of view

What kind of mood there can be depends on the emotion - the root cause that causes its change.

Variety of emotions

Additional Information. A person experiences up to 70 different types of emotions.

The main types of emotions allow us to identify the main and frequently observed types of mood:

  • Neutral (calm). Neutral mood is the absence of visible manifestation of emotions, their muting. Characterized by inner peace. The condition is suitable for work, allowing you to concentrate easily.
  • Increased. This type of mood implies the presence of inspiration, joy, happiness, love - a combination of a variety of positive emotions. The definition of high spirits is possible through good health, success at work, pleasant impressions from a meeting.
  • Decreased. Characterized by apathy, passivity, boredom, inexplicable melancholy and sadness, and a negative perception of the world. Accompanying extreme emotionality with decreased tone. Activity and performance are low.

Important! If low mood persists for a long time, this may indicate a deterioration in both physical and mental health. In this case, we are talking about a disease, for the treatment of which it is necessary to consult a specialist.

  • Working. The type of mood combines emotions that are responsible for the most productive performance. Among them are vivacity, determination, interest in work, the desire to prove oneself, to achieve success, and the determination to achieve positive results, as well as set goals and objectives.
  • Irritable. It would be correct to say that such a mood in psychology is characterized by increased emotionality against a background of low activity and negative experiences. Feelings of resentment, frustration, anger, rage, guilt, and confusion prevail. Aggression can be shown towards inanimate objects.

Note! From time to time there is a change in mood, which is the norm; the absence of one is a signal that notifies you of a problem.


To summarize the above, it is not difficult to draw a conclusion. Mood is a person’s state at any period of his life. It can change for the worse or for the better.

A mood is different from an emotion in that it is not necessarily caused by anything. We can control it because we can control its stimuli (causes).

We can fight depression and improve our mood using the methods described above. But the most important thing is to always live on a positive note and not lose heart. The better your mood, the better your life. Remember this.

Emotional background: high and low

Purple color in human psychology - what does it mean who likes it?

Positive and negative emotions

The basis of mood is laid under the influence of a dominant emotion. The emotion itself, caused by an individual event in life, does not last long, but it influences the creation of a bouquet of internal experiences and forms a long-lasting reaction as a response to what is happening. The predominance of a set of positive or negative experiences forms a general background, which can be increased or decreased.

An elevated background indicates the dominance of positive types of mood: joyful, inspired, interested, fluttering and others.

The low background, on the contrary, consists of a selection of negative types, such as: sad, depressed, irritated and similar ones.

Some authors understand the background of mood as a globally stable attitude of an individual towards himself and the situation around him, which affects the course of certain mental processes, for example, thinking.

Don't be discouraged. Struggle is a step to success

Don't give up, no matter the situation. Look at things positively, don't stop working on yourself. Don't be afraid to step out of your comfort zone, it will bring results in the future.

Catch a good mood - it so rarely visits us.

A great mood is the beginning of success, just as a smile on your face is the beginning of laughter.

A good mood usually depends not only on what is happening in ourselves, but also on everything that surrounds us and happens around us.

The best decoration of life is a good mood. Alexey Batievsky.

When life gives you hundreds of reasons to cry. Show her that you have thousands of reasons to smile.

Politeness is an artificially created good mood. Thomas Jefferson.

How nice it is to fall into hopeless despair. This gives you the right to sulk at the whole world. Jean-Paul Sartre.

Yesterday I thought everything was fine, but today bam! Better!

If things don't turn out the way you expected, don't be upset. God's plans are always better than ours.

A good mood makes all things bearable.

Catch a good mood - it so rarely visits us.

INTERESTING: Quotes from cartoons.

Prevailing mood

How to cheer yourself up quickly when you feel bad - methods and tips

The prevailing mood largely determines the nature of the emotional reaction to specific situations. The kind of mood is associated with all the feelings and experiences of the individual, and also depends on temperament and personality type. Under the influence of the prevailing mood, a stable mental state is formed in which emotional components with various signs are intertwined.

We are talking about a personality trait that is noticeable to others: optimism or pessimism. The reaction of an optimist and a pessimist to the same situation will be different due to the fact that these types look at what is happening from different angles.

The prevailing mood is normal for a particular personality type and indicates the state of mind of the individual in the vast majority of cases. Sometimes the dominant mood is neutral, without any strong manifestation.

What does it depend on

When answering the question of what mood depends on, it is important to take into account the great influence of physiological factors that are not subject to human correction. We can say that the mood only partially depends on the desire and will of a person, and different people cope differently with the ability to create and maintain the desired emotional state. Factors that determine what kind of mood there is:

  • Events (unpleasant, pleasant). The nature of current experiences leaves its mark on the emotional background.
  • Physical well-being. When a person feels good, he is not bothered by painful or other uncomfortable sensations that occur with diseases and malfunctions of internal organs, and he develops a positive emotional state.
  • Individual personality characteristics. People of a certain character and type of temperament (cholerics, melancholics) are subject to emotional stress.
  • Worldview, life position. It is easier for a positive-minded individual to adequately respond to events and overcome the negative influence of external and internal factors.
  • Taking psychoactive substances (alcohol, drugs).

By eliminating negative influencing factors, you can return to a normal, even mood without much effort.

Useful tips from psychology

Quotes from great philosophers and writers suggest that people have the power to control their mood. For these purposes, there are practical ways to improve it that remain relevant in the 21st century. Taking the path of uplifting your mood is a step towards success.

Dandelions under the sun - an unusual perspective

Positive recommendations:

  1. Look at what is happening around you in a positive way, set yourself up for the good, learn to notice pleasant moments in any situation. It is enough to simply smile, even if there is no apparent reason. The production of endorphin causes a smile; through smiling you can stimulate the production of endorphin.
  2. Physical activity or just a walk. It is useful to go outside to your favorite park to enjoy the singing of birds away from the hustle and bustle. Walking at a leisurely pace is a good alternative to working out in the gym. In both cases, hormones are produced that help improve mood.
  3. Music is considered the golden remedy for getting rid of a bad mood. It is enough to put on a composition for the soul that brings pleasure and peace. You can write your own music, dedicate it to what inspires or pleases.
  4. Dance ranks next to music on the list of tips. It is not necessary to arrange a presentation of your dance in a crowded place; it is enough to move around for your own pleasure at home to recharge yourself with positive energy.
  5. Decluttering your home helps to declutter your mind. This is where a lot of activity can take place.
  6. Creativity promotes the realization of personal potential and helps to throw out emotions. You can write a couple of lines of a poem or draw a picture. Even if it looks like a child in the first grade creates something far from a masterpiece, this is not the main thing. The important thing is that in the process inspiration may come, an unexpected solution to the problem that has become the cause of the bad mood may dawn on you.
  7. A change of scenery is the idea of ​​lifting your mood. If possible, you should take a vacation and go to the shores of, for example, the Dead Sea, known for its healing properties.
  8. In terms of life, it is important not to forget about your self-esteem, to make sure that it does not drop, since low self-esteem contributes to the formation of an incorrect idea about what is happening around. This, in turn, can have a bad effect on the individual’s attitude towards the situation in personal relationships, successes and failures at work, and manifest itself in communication with loved ones.

It's easy to jump for joy when everything is fine

In a brief description, mood reflects the internal state of a person and has an external manifestation. Your mood can and should be controlled to improve your life.


Ron Hubbard is the founder of the tone scale, which is directly related to the topic of mood and emotions in general.

Every person experiences mood swings, but by observing him and noting his emotional state on the tone scale over a long period of time, you can understand what mood is constant and basic for him.

R. Hubbard proposed an extensive list of conditions, each of which has its own score. If a person, according to the results of the study, is below the 2.0 mark, he is called low-tone, if higher, he is called high-tone.

If positive events have occurred in a person’s life, he moves up the scale; if negative events occur, he moves down.

The higher a person is on the scale, the easier it is for him to achieve high results in life.

List of emotions with points:

  • serenity - 40.0;
  • postulates - 30.0;
  • games - 22.0;
  • action - 20.0;
  • inspiration - 8.0;
  • feeling of beauty - 6.0;
  • enthusiasm, inspiration - 4.0;
  • joy - 3.5;
  • pronounced interest - 3.3;
  • conservatism - 3.0;
  • interest of average intensity - 2.9;
  • feeling of satisfaction - 2.8;
  • lack of interest - 2.6;
  • boredom - 2.5;
  • monotony - 2.4;
  • antagonism - 2.0;
  • hostility - 1.9;
  • pain - 1.8;
  • rage - 1.5;
  • hatred - 1.4;
  • indignation - 1.3;
  • lack of desire to compassion - 1.2;
  • restrained indignation - 1.15;
  • hidden hostility - 1.1;
  • anxiety - 1.02;
  • fear - 1.0;
  • feeling of despair - 0.98;
  • strongly expressed fear - 0.96;
  • numbness - 0.94;
  • compassion - 0.9;
  • appeasement - 0.8;
  • deep sadness, grief - 0.5;
  • redemption - 0.375;
  • undeservedness - 0.3;
  • self-deprecation - 0.2;
  • victim - 0.1;
  • hopelessness - 0.07;
  • apathy - 0.05;
  • feeling of worthlessness - 0.03;
  • dying process - 0.01;
  • bodily death - 0.00.

This scale helps you better understand yourself and others and find an approach to them. About the benefits of the scale :

  1. Your attitude towards the emotions of those around you will change : if a person is angry and behaves inappropriately, you will remember that this is a problem with his tone. If you can identify what tone a person has, it will be more convenient to conduct a dialogue with him: you just need to choose exactly the same tone or a slightly higher one.
  2. It will be easier to evaluate people who can get into your close circle. For example, if a person's dominant tone is anger or anxiety, it will be difficult to communicate with him.
  3. If a person is in a too low position, attempts to influence him from a very high position will be useless . For example, there is little point in trying to inspire a person who is in a state of apathy.
  4. The closer a person is to you on the scale, the easier it is to find an approach to him and begin close communication.

A person, according to this theory, seems to “step” from tone to tone, and in order to get inspired by joy , one will need to feel enthusiasm and a sense of beauty.

But it is important to remember that this scale was created by a person who has nothing to do with psychology. Most psychologists do not consider it and do not consider it significant.

To make it easier to work with the scale , you can periodically mark your own state or make notes regarding the state of someone else, so that in the end you can understand the prevailing tone and find an approach.

( 1 rating, average 5 out of 5 )
Did you like the article? Share with friends:
For any suggestions regarding the site: [email protected]
Для любых предложений по сайту: [email protected]