How many sense organs does a person have and what is their role in understanding the world?

Don't let your emotions control you. Consider them as your own choice.

Wayne Dyer

What kind of choice is this? What are emotions in general? How are they related to our feelings? And how do we live them? You can ask a huge number of questions on this topic; in this article we will try to cover the topic of emotions and feelings so that you begin to feel and understand yourself better.

Many people do not see the difference between feelings and emotions, but in fact it is quite significant. What are feelings? Ask yourself a question and you will understand that it is very difficult to find an explanation for this term, although we know very well that it is precisely at the level of sensuality. So, in order to reveal this concept, let’s try to consider them in comparison with emotions so that the difference is clearly visible.

What are sense organs

Because we have eyes, we have ears, a nose, a tongue and skin. We can feel colors, objects, tastes, voices and even smells.

This is the basis of survival, a well-known concept for everyone. They have a common name: Perceptual Senses.

Sense organs are a specific system that is a means of collecting information for the subject about the surrounding world and its other organs, in other words, from the internal and external environment of the body. However, in some animals the process of interaction of sense organs and even their list differ. Therefore, we specify the definition of the sensory organ system using the example of a person.

Human sense organs are a type of information channel, which is a set of receptors and part of the brain that are responsible for accepting various types of stimuli signaling from the environment. Therefore, the sense organs are also called the organs of perception.

Receptors of the sense organs belong to 2 groups:

  • remote;
  • contact

That is, some organs help a person perceive signals at a distance, for example, hearing, vision or smell; they are called remote. Others are responsible for physical touch: taste and touch. The former, to a certain extent, can replace the latter or vice versa. For example, an overdeveloped sense of hearing or touch, in its own way, can serve as a mechanism for communication with the environment, replacing a person's poorly developed vision.

In other words, a person receives information through the senses, which are subsequently responsible for the internal environment of the body and are a kind of regulator of its activity. Of course, a person could not exist independently without the entire list of organs. Imagine if you had no idea where you were, felt no tastes, smells or heard sounds.

The sense organs contain receptors as well as auxiliary systems. For example, the organ of vision includes the eyelids, eyelashes and lacrimal glands, which are responsible for the protective function, and the most important thing is the eyeball, which contains visual receptors.

Sense organs are also characterized by anatomical formations that react to the energy of external factors and transform it into a reflex impulse, and then send this signal to the corresponding parts of the brain.

The sense organs are directly responsible for the perception of both internal and external factors. But the analysis process occurs directly in the cerebral cortex of the very anterior (terminal) part of the brain, where the received signals are received along nerve endings that connect all the sense organs with the leading nervous system. In fact, this process is more complex and consists not only of the indicated stages; we will analyze it in more detail below.

That is, due to the ability to perceive surrounding factors, a person can further analyze and evaluate them. For example, you try a dish in a restaurant: first you bring the food to your mouth and, therefore, your nose, perceive its smell, analyze this stimulus and evaluate this sensation, then put the food in your mouth and perception occurs, and then analyze its taste properties. As a result, you give a comprehensive assessment of these two sensations.

To summarize, the senses react to air vibrations, light impulses, tiny particles of substances in the air and signal this to our brain. And the brain, in turn, processes the information received. All these processes are called in one word - sensations.

What is the process of influencing the senses ? This process has several names, such as: an external impulse, a signal from the environment, but the most basic name is an irritant. This word is used repeatedly in this article, but this term should not be regarded as something negative. The irritant is a delicious food you eat, a beautiful picture you see, a pleasant aroma you smell, your favorite song you listen to, or the bedding you touch.

Thus, with the help of sensations, we receive the necessary information about the environment around us. We tried to explain this issue as clearly as possible and using simple examples. Let's now take a closer look at how many sense organs a person has and which of them is responsible for what.

List of all emotions (most common)

Among all known human emotions, the most powerful are the emotions from the list below:

  1. Anger. Has anyone ever told you not to do what you want? How are you feeling? Is your blood starting to boil, is your temperature rising? This is usually how anger is described. Your body reacts to something that is not happening your way, and this is an attempt to correct the situation;
  2. Sadness. If you miss a deadline, get a bad grade, or don't complete work, you'll probably feel upset. Sadness happens when we are unhappy with ourselves, our accomplishments, or the behavior of someone else around us. Sadness can be a healthy experience because it indicates that we are passionate about something. It can be a great catalyst for achieving change;
  3. Joy is a feeling of delight, happiness, and perhaps even euphoria, often experienced as a sudden surge due to something good;
  4. Hope is a feeling of optimism and anticipation of a positive future;
  5. Pride is a feeling of self-approval and pleasure in an achievement or skill.

To prevent your emotional state from harming you and your environment, you need to learn to control your feelings and emotions. Despite the fact that emotions arise on their own, it is quite possible to curb them. In any current situation, you need to look at the circumstances soberly in order to prevent bad consequences.

A list of a person’s emotions and feelings will help you understand your inner state. Using this table, you can divide our emotions into certain groups in order to understand your inner world more deeply and stop in time if the situation gets out of control.

And yet how many are there?

What sense organs do people use to perceive information? According to Aristotle's conclusions, it is believed that we have 5 main senses:

  1. Vision - the eyeballs, eyelids and eyelashes, which process all visual input.
  2. Hearing - auditory receptors in the ears that detect sound vibrations.
  3. The sense of touch is receptors on the skin that are responsible for the sensations that arise when touching any object, as well as vibrations in the air.
  4. The sense of smell is the receptors in the nose that detect different odors.
  5. Taste - responsible for the taste buds located in the tongue.

Human sense organs

As we discussed earlier, all organs are divided into two types: remote and contact. The first include:

  • vision;
  • hearing;
  • sense of smell.

All stimuli from the surrounding world passing through these sense organs are perceived by the subject remotely. In the process of these influences, certain analytical chains are built. The corresponding areas of the brain reproduce the image, analyze and evaluate what they see.

The second (contact) - they are also called tactile in connection with the structure of interaction. These include:

  • taste;
  • touch.

Since the primary stage of processing the information received is carried out by the brain directly through direct contact.

However, many scientists argue on this topic, believing that the number of sense organs in a person is 9 elements, not 5. But this hypothesis has not been well developed and has not been confirmed in any way, so we will list them for general information, but you should not assume that the data human properties are directly related to such a term as the sense organ of perception. According to some scientists, in addition to the main ones, the sense organs are:

  • Proprioception - in other words, body awareness. That is, determining where our body parts are located, even in cases where we are not able to feel or see them. For example, try closing your eyes and moving your hand in front of your face - you will have a rough idea of ​​how far your palm or finger is from your face.
  • Equibrioception is a sense of balance that is established by special cavities with fluids located in our inner ear area.
  • Thermoception is the sensation of heat or cold on a person's skin.
  • Nociception is the feeling of painful stimuli by the skin, joints and organs of the body. However, this cohort does not include brain regions. That is, headaches come directly from inside the brain.

Let us repeat once again that these conclusions are poorly illuminated and have virtually no evidence base. Moreover, as you yourself may have noticed, each of the indicated so-called additional sense organs can be classified as the main ones.

Equibrioception to the organ of hearing, thermoception and nocioception to the organ of touch. As for proprioception, we can assume that, in principle, it is not directly related to any organ, but is a combination of factors, human analysis and perception.

Because such a “trick” can be performed not only with a hand and face, but, for example, with a hand and an object standing in front of you. For example, the phone or computer through which you are now reading this article. If you have a phone, place it on the table or sofa. Close your eyes and extend your hand towards it, you will also have a rough understanding of the location of your hand and a third-party object, just as you did with your face.

Now imagine that you are taken into a dark room and you have no idea what is where. You wouldn't be able to pull off the same trick due to spatial disorientation. Therefore, if we were not able to remember where our body parts are located, we would also have no idea where and what part is currently located in relation to another.

We looked at what belongs to the five senses in humans. Let's discuss in more detail what sensations a person experiences through the senses, using the example of each of them.

Where does all the information from the senses flow?

As we previously found out, a person perceives and processes information from the senses and analyzed the process of perception of each organ. Let's look at this action comprehensively.

All receptors are responsible for the perception of specific stimuli, reacting to each impulse in their own way. Then all the information from the sense organs enters the intermediate sections of the analyzers, which are formed by nerve fibers located in the spinal cord, as well as in the brain stem region.

From this area, the signal passes to the central section of the analyzers, that is, to the telencephalon. This is where the assessment and integrity of the nervous excitation begins as a result of the perception of an impulse by the senses. To summarize, the stimulus passes through 3 groups of departments:

  • superficial;
  • intermediate;
  • central.

They, in turn, are firmly connected to each other and are an integral system. Let's discuss a very important issue, how to protect the senses.


The sensations of vision, or rather color and light, are the most numerous and diverse. Thanks to the presented body, people receive about 70% of information about the environment. Scientists have found that the number of visual sensations (of various qualities) of an adult, on average, reaches 35 thousand. It should also be noted that vision plays a significant role in the perception of space. As for the sensation of color, it completely depends on the length of the light wave that irritates the retina, and the intensity depends on its amplitude or so-called scope.

How to take care of them

Hygiene of the sense organs greatly influences their development and health. There is a list of basic rules that must be followed to protect your receptors and analyzers. Let's look at them for each organ.


To maintain the normal condition of your eyes, you should:

  • use good lighting for reading;
  • no smoking;
  • Healthy food;
  • visit an ophthalmologist at least once a year;
  • if your doctor has recommended that you wear glasses or contacts, do not ignore these recommendations;
  • lenses or glasses require appropriate care and timely replacement;
  • moderate communication with gadgets - no more than 5 hours a day;
  • daily eye exercises.

If you follow these simple instructions, you can maintain your good vision or even improve it. It should also be taken into account that vision may deteriorate due to natural trauma. Therefore, do not ignore protective equipment such as glasses or a mask if you work in a factory with welding or machine tools, etc., and also try to avoid contact with bright lights.


The tongue is a very elastic muscle and one of the strongest in the body. The shell of the tongue is very rough, due to the fact that there are many small papillae on it, which serve as receptors that recognize the taste of food. These receptors are divided into several types, each of which performs its own function:

  • mushroom-shaped;
  • threadlike;
  • groove-shaped;
  • conical;
  • leaf-shaped.

Here is a list of rules on how to protect each of them:

  • wash your hands before eating;
  • Drinking hot food or liquid is prohibited;
  • do not talk while eating, so as not to accidentally damage the receptors;
  • Before eating food, make sure that it does not contain dangerous ingredients, for example, small seeds.


With the help of our nose we can not only smell pleasant smells. This body also warns us about various threats, such as gas leaks or fires. Therefore, care for this organ should not be neglected. Here is a list of recommendations:

  • smoking or passive perception of such an irritant contributes to a deterioration in the sense of smell;
  • Dust is very harmful to the nose, so you should carry out wet cleaning and ventilation of the rooms in which you are daily;
  • Avoid contact with strong odors, especially from small containers (the smaller the container, the more particles accumulate in it).


In order to protect your hearing, you need to follow 3 rules:

  • you should not listen to loud music;
  • try to clean your ears daily using cotton swabs and rinse them with water;
  • Do not use sharp objects to clean your ears, otherwise there is a risk of tearing the membrane.


The skin has the main function of protecting most internal organs from external irritants. Thanks to the skin, we distinguish between heat and cold, and also feel pain. How to protect it?

  • try to wash every day;
  • make sure your clothes are clean;
  • you should also not buy low quality clothes;
  • It is prohibited to touch unfamiliar plants and street animals.

By following these rules, you can keep all your senses in good condition.


We examined the number of sense organs in humans, their names and functions, as well as a holistic reflection of the objects that affect them. In conclusion, we would like to answer the questions that are most often asked on this topic.

The largest sensory organ in humans

The largest sensory organ is the skin. If you examine the skin particles under a microscope, it looks completely different. When you zoom in 500 times, you can see that our skin tissue is a layer of non-living cells, on top of which many tubercles and holes are formed.

If a person could shed his skin like a snake or spider, and then stretch it along the entire perimeter, then its diameter would be approximately 5,000 - 5,500 square meters. However, its thickness reaches no more than a couple of millimeters, as a result its average weight is about 3 kilograms.

Also, skin tissue is constantly growing, that is, new cells appear, which suggests that all cells cannot be dead. If we return to the experiment with a microscope and zoom in another 15 - 20%, we will notice that dead cells are continuously divided into several parts, from which new ones are reproduced.

What sense organs are best developed in humans?

By and large, it all depends on many factors, maintaining health, work, sleep, and so on. These processes occur differently for each person. This question can also be considered in reverse, which organs are developed the worst. For example, for me personally, due to my profession: SEO copywriting, my vision clearly “lags behind” other organs.

Unfortunately, there is practically no accurate information about the most developed organ in humans. However, according to some doctors and professors, the most important organ should be the most developed. In most people, the skin, that is, the organ of touch, prevails. In principle, if you think about it, this is quite logical. Imagine being locked in a dark room in which you can’t see anything at all. It would be possible to do without hearing, sight, smell and taste in such a situation, but not without touch.

But many scientists argue that vision plays a more important role than touch in everyday life, arguing in reverse about which organ is most difficult for a person to live without in everyday life.

We tried to give the most detailed and detailed information about what the sense organs are and what functions they perform. If you have not found an answer to your question or have difficulty understanding any terms, write to us in the comments and we will certainly answer you. We will also be very interested in which sense organ in your opinion is the most important for a person.

What types of emotions are there?

There are a large number of emotions, thanks to which we have the opportunity to better perceive our world. Until recently, scientists believed that there were only 7 basic feelings. However, recent studies have proven that there are many times more emotions, about 27.

Globally they are divided into three parts: positive, neutral and negative. According to the degree of manifestation, they can be sthenic (manifest very actively) and non-sthenic (almost not manifest).

Despite the fact that in the global sense there are only 3, there are many more subtypes:

  1. Basic. These emotions are inherent to every person. They do not depend on gender, age, nationality. Everyone knows how to be sad and happy;
  2. Variable. Due to territorial characteristics;
  3. Congenital. Emotions we are born with. For example, fear of heights;
  4. Purchased. Emotions that we acquire throughout life. For example, after a car accident, people may become afraid to drive private vehicles;
  5. Elementary. Neutral. Mainly emotions of calm;
  6. Composite. They are a combination of elementary;
  7. Natural. Inherent in man by nature
  8. Cultural. Emotions received in the process of learning from their parents or mentors;
  9. Cognitively simple. We experience such emotions as a result of instant reactions to any stimulus;
  10. Cognitively challenging. Unlike cognitively simple ones, such emotions are born after a deep understanding of what happened.

Thanks to the expanded classification system of our functions, we have many possibilities for expressing emotionality.

Positive emotions

As mentioned above, emotions can be negative and positive. Most people like to feel good, and positive emotions help us feel uplifted and more comfortable. Positive emotions usually do not need a reason; we feel them involuntarily.

Experiencing emotions such as happiness, excitement, joy, hope and inspiration are vital for anyone who wants to lead a happy and healthy life. Luckily, you don't have to experience them all the time to reap the benefits of positive emotions.

These moments, often fleeting, can be what make your life better and brighter. Beyond just feeling good, positive emotions are also an important part of happiness. Moreover, happy people live longer and work better.

Negative emotions

Negative emotion or affect is the experience of negative emotions such as anger, frustration, guilt, nervousness and fear. Causing negative emotions in your friends when they are enraged by your behavior is one of the ways to make them angry.

Therefore, it is important to learn how to prevent negative influences from affecting you and instead create positive emotions. To do this, it is enough not to be an irritant to other people and to behave correctly in certain situations. It is important to understand how much your behavior will be accepted by society at the right time.

A person can mask his emotions depending on the situation in which he finds himself. In our society, many emotions are considered to be a sign of weakness, therefore, people often hide their emotional experiences and try to smile in those moments when there is no joy in their souls

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