Rules of conduct for hostages during capture and release

Unfortunately, each of us can become a victim of terrorist hijacking. There are more than 500 terrorist groups in the world, which have left their mark in almost every corner of the globe. Moreover, a terrorist attack can occur in any public place, be it a station, market, theater or metro, transport, and so on. Of course, we hope that this will not affect us, but capture, as a rule, occurs suddenly, so it is better to play it safe and familiarize yourself with the rules of safe behavior for hostages.

Let's consider the algorithm of actions

Here are the basic rules for hostage behavior. So:

  1. The first thing to do is to calm down, not to panic and try to soberly assess the current situation.
  2. Instill confidence in yourself about salvation and convince others of this. Remember that in 95% of cases the hostages survived.
  3. Liberation may not happen immediately, so you need to prepare for it mentally and physically.
  4. Try to relax, restore calm and deep breathing.
  5. Be prepared to move around. But do not try to run if you are not 100% sure of the successful completion of the event.
  6. If possible, keep any things with you: pencil, pen, medicine, etc., as well as food and water supplies.
  7. Remember as much information about terrorists as possible. Observe their behavior, track their gestures, facial expressions, if there are no masks, remember their accent, body type, conversation topics, numbers, everything that can later help in catching the criminals.
  8. Try to determine by any signs the place where you are.
  9. If possible, try to position yourself away from windows and doors, because you can get hurt during the assault. Lie down on the floor and cover your head with your hands, do not move.
  10. Under no circumstances should you run towards or away from rescuers; you may be mistaken for criminals.
  11. If another hostage is injured, provide first aid. Arterial bleeding can be stopped by tightening a regular belt above the wound, venous bleeding - vice versa.

Of course, the most difficult thing to cope with is panic, which often leads to trouble. You need to come to your senses and start thinking.

Rules of conduct when taking hostages

Residents Preparation of non-working population. Civil protection Measures to counter terrorism Rules of conduct in case of hostage taking

Each specific case of hostage-taking is unique and different from others. Nevertheless, some general and specific recommendations of a psychological and behavioral nature regarding how to behave correctly if you have become a victim of capture can be very useful and effective in preserving life and health.

We recommend adhering to the following rules of conduct:

- pull yourself together as soon as possible, calm down and don’t panic;

- do not try to escape if you are not completely sure of the success of your escape;

- if you are tied up or have your eyes closed, try to relax, breathe deeper;

- prepare physically, mentally and emotionally for a possible severe test;

- from the very beginning (especially the first half hour) follow all the orders and instructions of the kidnappers;

- endure hardships, insults and humiliation. Do not look criminals in the eyes, do not behave defiantly;

— there is no need to appeal to the conscience of terrorists. This is almost always useless. They strive to fulfill their plans and, in order to shout down the voice of conscience, they can take harsh and inadequate actions;

- do not offer aggressive resistance, do not make sudden and threatening movements, do not provoke terrorists to rash actions;

- ask permission to perform any actions (sit down, stand up, drink, go to the toilet);

- if it occurs to you that the terrorist is bluffing and has a dummy in his hands, do not check it! A mistake can cost you your life;

- try to remember the signs of the criminals, the distinctive features of their faces, clothes, names, nicknames, possible scars and tattoos, peculiarities of speech and behavior, topics of conversation, etc.;

- if you are injured, try not to move, this will reduce blood loss.

If you are in a hostage position for a long time:

- Do not allow feelings of pity, confusion and confusion to arise. Mentally prepare yourself for future challenges. Stay mentally active.

- Avoid feelings of despair, use internal resources of self-persuasion for this.

- Think and remember pleasant things. Remember that the chances of being released increase over time. Rest assured that everything possible is now being done for your speedy release.

- Always find something to do (exercise, reading, life memories, etc.). Establish a daily schedule of physical and intellectual activity, carry out tasks in a strict methodical order. To maintain strength, eat everything that is given, even if you don’t like the food and don’t cause an appetite. Be aware that loss of appetite and weight are normal in such an extreme situation.

Maintaining psychological stability is one of the most important conditions for rescuing a hostage. Any techniques and methods that distract from unpleasant sensations and experiences, allowing you to maintain clarity of thoughts and an adequate assessment of the situation, are good here. It is useful to learn the following rules:

- do physical exercises that are available in these conditions, at a minimum, tense and relax all the muscles of the body in turn;

— it is very useful in all respects to practice auto-training and meditation, they will help keep your psyche under control;

- remember to yourself the books, poems, songs you have read, consistently think about various abstract problems (solve mathematical problems, remember foreign words, etc.). Your mind must work. Believers can seek solace in prayers;

- if possible, read everything that is at hand, even if the text is not at all interesting to you. You can also write, despite the fact that what you write will be selected. The process itself is important, helping to maintain sanity;

- try to treat what is happening to you as if from the outside, without taking what happened to heart, and hope until the end for a successful outcome. Fear, depression and apathy are your three main enemies, all of them are inside you.

During the operation for your release by the special services, strictly comply with the following requirements:

- lie face down on the floor, cover your head with your hands and do not move;

- under no circumstances run towards or away from security officers, as they may mistake you for a criminal;

- if possible, stay away from doorways, windows and the thieves themselves, i.e., places of greater safety;

- if a bomb has been placed on you, you need to let the intelligence officers know about this without panic, with your voice or movement of your hand;

— you should not take up arms so as not to be confused with terrorists;

- do not be indignant if, during the assault and capture, you may initially (before your identity is established) be treated somewhat incorrectly, as if you were a potential criminal. You may be searched, handcuffed, tied up, emotionally or physically harmed, or interrogated. Please understand that in such situations such actions by the stormers (until the final identification of all persons and the identification of the true criminals) are justified.

After release, as experts note, sometimes not only people who have been hostage, but also witnesses of terrorist attacks need the help of psychologists. To make it easier for both the first and second to return to normal life, their relatives and friends are advised to follow the following rules.

“You can’t pretend that nothing happened, but you shouldn’t annoy him with questions.

- You should not try to quickly switch the victim’s attention to something else. A person must be aware that something really happened to him and must express his reaction.

- Even if a person says that he is completely fine, this may mean that an unresolved psychological problem simply goes deeper and then will definitely appear again.

- Don’t stop the person from “speaking out.” There is no need to stop him, even if he tells his story again and again to all family members and acquaintances in turn.

— Encourage the expression of feelings during the story. If the narrator starts to cry, don’t stop him, let him cry. In this case, it is better to hug the person, to let him physically feel that there are close people next to him.

- Men in such cases often express their reaction in the form of anger. Don't let this anger out. In this case, it is very useful if the person gestures, stomps, or punches the pillow.

- You cannot leave the victim alone for a long time, allowing him to withdraw into himself.

Recommendations for conducting a conversation and further actions when receiving a message about a bomb threat by phone

When receiving a telephone message about a bomb threat or the presence of an explosive device, remain calm.

- Do not ignore any such call.

- Be calm and polite, do not interrupt the speaker.

— Try to keep the caller on the line as long as possible. Ask him/her to repeat the message. Try to remember the conversation verbatim, or better yet, write it down on paper.

— If you have a tape recorder connected to the phone, record the conversation.

— Record the exact time the conversation started and its duration.

— Do not show hostility towards the terrorist, do not react to possible insults and other emotional manifestations.

- Use the slightest opportunity to persuade the caller to at least temporarily abandon the threat to carry out an explosion.

— Try to get the caller to give the caller the maximum amount of time to communicate his demands to officials or for management to make a decision.

— Even during the conversation, try to inform management about the call. If this was not possible, then report immediately after the end of the conversation.

— Transfer the information received to law enforcement agencies.

— In cases where any requirements are put forward, it is necessary to understand their essence as much as possible, therefore it is permissible and advisable to ask additional questions:

- where, to whom, what phone number is this person calling;

- When should the bomb explode?

—Where is the bomb currently located?

— why was the bomb planted?

- Under what conditions can the use of an explosive device be avoided?

— Does the interlocutor make the decision about the explosion on his own or should he consult with someone?

- How much time can he give to consider his demands?

- according to what scheme and after what time can the discussion be continued if the demands put forward are accepted?

- Who can or should you inform about this call?

Try to also determine:

— identity of the caller (man, woman, adult, teenager);

- voice (loud - quiet, high - low, other features);

- rate of speech: fast or slow;

- pronunciation: clear, distorted, stuttering, lisping, with an accent or dialect;

- manner of speech: cheeky, mocking, with obscene expressions;

- manner of presentation (calm - irritable, reckless - logical);

- the nature of the noise in the background (the noise of cars or railway transport, the sound of television and radio equipment, voices, etc.)

— note the nature of the call—city or long-distance.

After finishing the conversation, do not hang up the phone, place it nearby, preventing unauthorized persons from accessing the phone.

Immediately report the threatening call from another telephone set.

Until the completion of technical measures related to identifying the anonymous number, you cannot use the telephone that received the call until law enforcement officers arrive.

If this phone is equipped with caller ID, it is necessary to record the numbers displayed on the display, but subsequent actions are carried out in the same order.

When using sound recording equipment, immediately after a conversation, remove the cassette with the recording of the conversation and take measures to ensure its safety. Be sure to install another cassette in its place.

Do not disseminate information about the fact of the conversation and its content.

Before law enforcement officials arrive, take measures to prevent panic, carry out possible evacuation, and suppress unprofessional actions to detect an explosive device.

Recommendations for actions when receiving a threat to use explosive devices in writing

If you receive a threat to use explosive devices in writing, you must:

— Take measures to ensure the safety and prompt transfer of letters (notes, floppy disks, etc.) to law enforcement agencies.

— If possible, place the letter (note, floppy disk, etc.) in a clean plastic bag.

— Try not to leave your fingerprints on the document.

— If the document is in an envelope, then it is opened only on the left or right side by cutting off the edge with scissors.

— Save everything: the document itself, the envelope, packaging, any attachments. Don't throw anything away.

- Do not allow other persons to become familiar with the contents of the letter (note).

— Remember the circumstances of receiving or discovering a letter (note, etc.).

— Do not write on anonymous materials, underline them, circle certain places in the text, or write resolutions and instructions. It is forbidden to bend, wrinkle, stitch, or glue them.

— Send anonymous materials to law enforcement agencies with a covering letter, which indicates specific characteristics of anonymous materials (type, quantity, in what way and on what they are executed, with what words the text begins and ends, the presence of a signature, etc.), as well as circumstances surrounding their discovery or receipt.

Recommendations for handling mail suspected of being contaminated with biological substances or chemicals

Some characteristic features of letters (parcels) that you should double your vigilance include:

- you did not expect these letters or they came from someone you do not know;

— addressed to someone who no longer works in your organization or has some other inaccuracies in the address;

- do not have a return address or have an incorrect return address;

- unusual in weight, size, curved on the sides or unusual in shape;

— marked with restrictions such as “Personal” and “Confidential”; wires can be felt in the envelopes (or wires stick out from the envelope), the envelopes have a strange smell or color;

— The postage stamp on the envelope does not match the city and state in the return address.

If you receive a suspicious letter in the mail

- do not open the envelope;

- put it in a plastic bag;

— place the objects lying in close proximity to the letter there.

When receiving mail suspicious for biological contamination:

- do not open or shake the envelope or other packaging;

- do not transfer the postal item to other persons;

- put the envelope in a plastic bag and seal it tightly;

- close the windows, turn off the ventilation and air conditioning (if they were working), leave the room and do not allow other persons there;

- treat your hands with any disinfectant (alcohol, vodka, bleach solution, deodorant, eau de toilette, lotion), or wipe your hands with a swab soaked in iodine tincture, or wash them with soap, closing the drain into the sewer with a stopper;

- inform the police by phone 02 and (or) the operational duty officer of the territorial department of the Ministry of Emergency Situations and wait for the arrival of the relevant services in the adjacent room.

- make a list of all persons who touched the letter or envelope, write down their addresses, telephone numbers or how to contact them, transfer this list to the responsible persons;

— ensure strict implementation of the recommendations of medical workers to prevent the disease.

What to do if there is a threat of attack and capture?

Let's give some recommendations:

  • Always be on guard, especially in crowded places, at the airport, parks, shopping centers, public transport, and so on. Don’t be afraid to look ridiculous in the event of an unconfirmed danger; perhaps with your actions you can prevent a tragedy. That is, if you notice a suspicious box, package, bag, do not approach the object, but inform the driver or the security authorities.
  • Do not lift mobile phones, banks or other things under any circumstances, as there may be an explosive device planted there. Do not kick objects lying under your feet.
  • If security forces become active, walk in the opposite direction, but slowly and remain calm so as not to be mistaken for the enemy.
  • If the capture and shooting begins, immediately lie down on the ground face down, covering your head with your hands. If there is cover, hide behind it, it could be a curb, a car, a sales tent.
  • If you become aware of an upcoming terrorist attack, immediately notify law enforcement agencies.

But under no circumstances should you try to joke with such things, it is punishable by law.

Let's consider the rules of behavior in the event of a threat of hostage-taking.

If an explosive device is found

Your actions are as follows:

  • Don't go near him, don't touch him.
  • Report to law enforcement immediately.
  • Remember! The use of any means of radio communication, for example, a mobile phone, can trigger the radio fuse.
  • Wait for law enforcement officials, but at a safe distance from the explosive device, and then show it.

Under no circumstances should you panic.

If you find yourself in a crowded place

Consider the following rules of conduct for hostages. In such situations, people often suffer from their own wrong actions, and not from the hands of terrorists, through the resulting crush. And the reason for this is panic. How to behave:

  1. Look at what is happening around you and determine the safest place.
  2. Try to move away from the center of the crowd, trash cans, boxes, bags, boxes, fences, metal fences, etc.
  3. Calm down and don't draw attention to yourself by shouting.
  4. Stay away from aggressive groups of people and don't get into fights.
  5. Try to leave the dangerous place, freeing yourself from things that hinder your movements.
  6. Keep your hands free, get rid of all objects, fasten buttons and zippers.
  7. You can't go against the crowd! You need to go with the flow to save time and energy. Move with your arms spread out to the sides and your elbows bent, this way you will protect yourself from chest compression and ensure smooth and deep breathing.
  8. Do not allow yourself to be pushed, do not bend, otherwise, if you fall in the crush, you may not get up again.

If you do end up on the floor, don't panic. Quickly group yourself by lying on your side, pressing your bent knees to your chest, covering your head with your hands. And get up at the first opportunity.

The goal is to stay alive!

There are rules of conduct when taking hostages; you need to know them so as not to suffer from criminals. So:

  1. The main rule is not to provoke terrorists to use weapons and kill victims.
  2. Endure humiliation and insults. Do not look closely into the eyes of the criminal, do not attract attention.
  3. Whenever possible, obey the invaders. You cannot contradict them, so as not to endanger your life and those around you. Control your emotional state, do not allow hysterics and panic.
  4. Before any action, such as going to the toilet, drinking or accessing food and medicine, ask permission from the criminals.
  5. If you are wounded and there is no one to help, try not to move, this way you will lose less blood.

At the moment of attack by invaders, if there are no criminals with weapons nearby, try to hide or even escape, there may not be another chance. If you have children with you, stay close to them, if possible, hide them in a safe place. Knowing the rules of hostage behavior will help you escape.


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Any person, by coincidence of circumstances, can become a hostage to criminals. At the same time, they, criminals, can achieve political goals, obtain a ransom, etc.

In all cases, your life becomes a bargaining chip for terrorists.

Seizure can occur in transport, in an institution, on the street, in an apartment.

If you find yourself a hostage, we recommend that you adhere to the following rules of behavior: • do not allow actions that could provoke attackers to use weapons and lead to casualties; • endure hardships, insults and humiliation, do not look criminals in the eyes, do not behave defiantly; • if necessary, comply with the demands of criminals, do not contradict them, do not risk the lives of others and your own, try to avoid hysterics and panic; • ask permission to perform any actions (sit down, stand up, drink, go to the toilet); • if you are injured, try not to move, this will reduce blood loss; Remember: your goal is to stay alive.

Be careful, try to remember the signs of the criminals, the distinctive features of their faces, clothes, names, nicknames, possible scars and tattoos, peculiarities of speech and behavior, topics of conversation, etc.

Remember that, having received a message about your capture, the special services have already begun to act and will do everything necessary for your release.

During the operation to free you, strictly observe the following requirements: • lie on the floor face down, cover your head with your hands and do not move; • do not under any circumstances run to slander the security services or from them, as they may mistake you for a criminal; • If possible, stay away from doorways and windows.

If you become aware of a crime being prepared or committed, immediately notify the territorial authorities of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the FSB or the Ministry of Internal Affairs at your place of residence.

Any object can become a place for taking or holding hostages. In this case, criminals can achieve their political goals or obtain a ransom. In such situations, terrorists usually use facility managers as a mediator in negotiations.

In all cases, people's lives become the subject of bargaining and are in constant danger.

Capture always happens unexpectedly. At the same time, implementation of preventive measures (tightening access control at the entrance and entry into the territory of the facility, installing alarm systems, audio and video recordings, conducting more thorough selection and verification of personnel, organizing and conducting, together with law enforcement officers, briefings and practical training on actions during emergencies) will help reduce the likelihood of people being captured at the site.

When people are taken hostage, it is necessary to: • immediately report the situation at the facility to law enforcement agencies; • do not enter into negotiations with terrorists on your own initiative; • take measures to ensure unhindered access to the site for law enforcement officers. Ministry of Emergency Situations, emergency medical vehicles; • upon arrival of employees of the special forces of the FSB and the Ministry of Internal Affairs, assist them in obtaining the information they are interested in; • if necessary, comply with the demands of criminals, if this does not involve causing damage to the life and health of people, do not contradict criminals, and do not risk the lives of others and your own; • do not allow actions that could provoke attackers to use weapons and lead to casualties.
02.05.2013 1:18

Airplane hijacking

There are certain rules of conduct in case of hostage taking. Let's look at them:

  • The main thing is to get rid of the panic attack. Any exclamation, crying, cry for help, or hysteria will be regarded by the bandits as disobedience. And all because they themselves are in a nervous state. If possible, reassure your neighbor.
  • Try not to stand out from the crowd, do not irritate or contradict the invaders.
  • Don't make noise or cough or sneeze loudly.
  • If you need to go to the toilet, ask permission.
  • If the invaders demand personal belongings, give them back.
  • Do not defend crew members.
  • Don't complain about airplane pilots.
  • If children are crying nearby, do not get irritated, remain silent and control yourself.
  • If one of the passengers managed to leave the plane, do not draw the attention of other people to this fact.

The rules of conduct in the event of being taken hostage are, in principle, the same everywhere. The main thing is to remain calm. Only then will a person be able to think rationally and make informed and deliberate decisions. Remember, because of reckless actions, other people may also suffer. Let's look at a few more general rules for safe behavior when taken hostage.

What should I do if I or other hostages develop sympathy for terrorists?

In the event of hostage taking, the well-known Stockholm syndrome occurs. Hostages begin to feel positive feelings, emotions towards criminals, terrorists and negative ones towards the authorities. For example, terrorists want to free someone, and suddenly the hostages realize that these someone is not criminals, but heroes. And the hostages move on to the symbolic world of terrorists. What is the symbolic world? Their values. Therefore, you cannot always trust information coming from hostages. And with Stockholm syndrome, hostages can interfere with the operation to free them and disobey commands from special forces. Therefore, the problem of correct communication - establishing emotional contact with terrorists - requires complex and sometimes lengthy work by negotiators.

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How to behave correctly?

There are a few more recommendations:

  • Don't disrupt the established order by terrorists. You should not try to contact your family or law enforcement agencies; you must be patient and wait for the release operation.
  • Do not show your fear under any circumstances.
  • Don't lose your composure. Don't focus on your experiences. Distract yourself, remember a verse from the school curriculum, an old joke or a pleasant moment in life, a pun-filled situation, read a prayer to calm down.

The main thing when following the rules of conduct for hostages is not to lose self-control. A person overwhelmed by emotions is unable to make informed decisions.

How should the victim behave?

The basic rules of conduct during hostage-taking prescribe:

  • Agree with the invaders on everything and try to find out as much information as possible, but without risking your own life. If one of the hostages is released before the others, they must be told all the information about the number of hostages remaining and their placement, as well as about the captors themselves.
  • Find a place where it will be convenient for the hostage to hide during the assault. Do not lie down near windows and doors through which fighters from the capture group will enter the building. Also, you should not pick up the weapons of terrorists, so as not to be mistaken for one of them.
  • Do not provoke attackers to violence and the use of weapons.
  • Tolerate insults and humiliation, do not act defiantly, so as not to provoke criminals to aggression.
  • Do not fall into hysterics and panic, and also comply with the demands of the terrorists, so as not to endanger your life and the lives of other hostages.
  • Ask permission to perform any action.
  • If injured, do not move to reduce blood loss.

Compliance with these requirements will increase the chances of survival in a critical situation of hostage taking and subsequent assault by a special group.

If you are in long-term confinement

The rules of conduct during hostage taking will be as follows:

  • Eliminate feelings of pity, resentment and confusion. Prepare yourself mentally for the upcoming trials.
  • Drive away despair.
  • Do not lose faith in salvation, remember that over time the chances of liberation increase.
  • If conditions allow, make a schedule of classes, devote a day to intellectual pursuits, read, and another day to physical exercise.
  • Do not refuse the food offered, even if it is tasteless, eat with force so as not to weaken.
  • If you are injured, the main thing is to bandage the wound and stop the bleeding, and help others.

Don't make the main mistake - you will never become a friend to an action movie. You should not take his side, show any signs of sympathy, firstly, this will become a treacherous act towards other hostages, and secondly, this will subsequently lead to mental trauma and personality disintegration.

How to behave correctly if you are taken hostage? (3 photos)

Actually, fear is a synonym for terrorism. Ilya Bushmin Any person, even the most peaceful one, by coincidence of circumstances, can become a hostage to criminals/terrorists. At the same time, the people who captured you can achieve both political goals and simply obtain a ransom, etc. The seizure can occur in public transport, during city events (theater premiere, celebration of the opening of a supermarket), in a bank branch, in your own apartment, etc.

Military psychologists know: only 12% of the population can calmly endure such severe stress, not panic, and not provoke the aggressor with fuss and screams.
After the incident, such people do not develop PTSD, they do not need medical help (in terms of relieving post-stress symptoms), they are able to survive almost any form of bullying and deprivation without much harm to their health. It is clear that it is important for everyone else in this extreme situation to know the following rules of conduct :

  • from the very first minutes, calm down, do not panic; if capture is inevitable, take it for granted and comply with the terrorists' demands;
  • remember that law enforcement agencies and special forces are doing everything to rescue you;
  • do not offer active resistance: those who captured you are ready to physically eliminate any obstacle - your life is of no value to them;
  • be prepared for terrorists to use blindfolds, gags, handcuffs or ropes; do not resist or verbally threaten the invaders;
  • be prepared to explain whether you have any documents, phone numbers, etc.;
  • be prepared for spartan living conditions, poor food and unsanitary conditions;
  • if there are children with you, find a safe place for them, try to protect them from random bullets, if possible, stay close to them;
  • talk to invaders in a calm voice;
  • prepare physically and mentally for a possible severe test;
  • do not show hatred and disdain for the kidnappers - there are many narcissistic personalities among the militant leaders: in order to prove to everyone else “your greatness”, you may be subjected to inhumane abuse;
  • if possible, be sure to observe the rules of personal hygiene: ask for a restroom and some clean water for washing;
  • eat food, even if it is tasteless, bland, poorly prepared - you need to save your energy;
  • do not try to escape if you are not completely sure of the success of your escape;
  • report your unwell health; Tell the invaders about the medications you are prescribed (for example, for diabetes or angina);
  • remember as much information as possible about the terrorists (their number, weapons, what they look like, features of appearance, physique, accent, topic of conversation, behavior, names, nicknames);
  • try to determine your location (imprisonment);
  • be critical of everything your captors tell you;
  • maintain mental and physical activity (think through answers to complex questions regarding your profession, compose poems in your head, do simple exercises) - this will help avoid mental disorders that often accompany hostage;
  • try to keep track of time, even if your watch is taken away: keep track of time, marking the past days with matches, pebbles or lines on the wall;
  • take advantage of any amenities and privileges that the invaders provide you with - books, newspapers or radio;
  • if you are given the opportunity to talk to relatives on the phone, control yourself, don’t cry, don’t scream, keep it short and to the point;
  • Establish, if possible, contact with the invaders and try to earn their respect; explain to them that you are a person too; show them photos of your family members;
  • do not try to deceive them by inventing non-existent influential relatives or friends from law enforcement agencies - this could cost you your life;
  • Avoid the possible temptation (and associated risks) to share the political views of your invaders, so you may be rewarded with Stockholm syndrome;
  • position yourself away from windows, doors and the terrorists themselves - this is necessary to ensure your safety in the event of an assault on the premises or snipers shooting to kill criminals;
  • when assaulting, lie face down on the floor with your hands folded at the back of your head; Under no circumstances should you run towards or away from security officers, as they may mistake you for a criminal and destroy you.
  • Remember, your goal is to stay alive.

Material taken: Here

A little about the psychology of a hostage

Finding yourself in such a situation, a person at first cannot believe it, because everything looks like a bad dream. But, despite this, it is necessary to accept the fact and strictly adhere to the rules of conduct for hostages.

Keep your sanity. Many hostages may have a protest reaction to injustice. And then he starts running. This absolutely cannot be done unless there is a 100% guarantee of release. The criminal can shoot, and with the murder of a person, his guilt before the law increases, he feels doomed, as a result of which he becomes even more embittered.

Remember: the bandit will shoot, even if a simple act of capture was planned for the purpose of blackmail and demands that their conditions be fulfilled. It is necessary to train the will, improve oneself, exercise the mind, learn self-control, so that in an emergency it is easier to control oneself and cope with a difficult task.

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