What is morality: basic norms and principles of morality

What is morality?

Morality is a set of ideas about good and evil, as well as rules of behavior that are generally followed in a certain society based on these ideas. While compliance is encouraged, it is not strictly required.

Moral rules are formed under the influence of generally accepted ideas about what is “good” and what is “bad”, and therefore depend on society, government, the dominant religion and other social factors.

Moral standards have the following features:

  • they are universal for everyone;
  • do not need legislative support (since they are considered obvious to any reasonable person);
  • justified by the prevailing ideas in society about justice, good and evil;
  • play the role of a behavioral guide for people;
  • non-compliance with moral standards is condemned in society.

The moral component of most actions can depend on the circumstances. So cooking is a neutral activity, but if a person prepares food for the homeless, it is a highly moral act. Laughter is normal, but if someone laughs at someone else's failure, it is immoral.

You cannot harm another person. But if you do it in defense of your family, even this act can be justified.

Moral norms were formed long before legal norms. It was with their appearance that primitive societies began to emerge. Morality protected them from self-destruction, allowed them to organize, accumulate knowledge and build civilization.

On the basis of established moral norms, the first laws were formulated - clearer, unambiguous and logically justified rules of behavior.

What are moral principles

Moral principles are a form of manifestation of the internal moral requirements of a particular person, a group of people or an entire society. Human society is constantly transforming, and moral standards are changing along with it: what was considered unacceptable and reprehensible some time ago can now be considered normal and not cause condemnation.

The formation of moral principles is greatly influenced by religion, spiritual teachings, culture, education, and personal beliefs of each individual. Adhering to moral standards, a person will not allow himself to descend into the state of a wild animal, and will keep his instincts within certain limits accepted in a given society.

How is morality formed?

A person's morality largely depends on himself. Only the individual himself is responsible for what happens to him. Whether a person will be successful or not is accepted by others depends on how willing she is to follow the orders established in society.

The development of morality and moral concepts occurs in the parental family.

It is those first people with whom a child begins to interact in the early stages of his life who leave a serious imprint on his future fate. So, the formation of morality is significantly influenced by the immediate environment in which a person grows.

If a child grows up in a dysfunctional family, then from an early age he develops a misconception about how the world works and develops a distorted perception of himself in society.

As an adult, such a person will begin to experience enormous difficulties in communicating with other people and will feel dissatisfaction on their part. If a child is raised in a prosperous average family, he begins to absorb the values ​​of his immediate environment, and this process occurs naturally.

Awareness of the need to follow social instructions occurs due to the presence in a person of such a concept as conscience. Conscience is formed from early childhood under the influence of society, as well as individual inner feelings.

What is the difference between morality and morality?

A synonym for the term morality is morality. There are several points of view on the relationship and differences between these concepts. A number of scientists argue that morality and morality are synonymous and mean the same thing. Other scientists find a difference between morality and morality.

Let's try to understand the difference between morality and morality. To do this, let's break down the comparison table: morality and morality - similarities and differences.

You need to treat people the way you would like to be treated.A person interacts with people courteously and expects others to do the same.
You must respect your elders.A person is ready to help an older person, for example: carrying a bag, helping to open a door, being ready to give up his seat on a bus or tram.
Don't steal.The personality does not allow you to take someone else’s property; before using someone else’s item, you ask permission.

The birth of moral standards occurred long before the beginning of our days. In those days, it had a religious background and was formulated by ancient philosophers and adepts in the form of the Vedas and commandments, which were included in various Holy Scriptures - the Koran, the Bible, the Torah and other holy scriptures of various faiths. Subsequently, moral standards continued to develop and change, but some of them remained in their original form and still influence the development of modern society.

Morality and ethics are concepts that are similar and at the same time different from each other. Moral ethics are the principles of behavior of individuals who need good deeds that do not violate justice, while morality is the direct embodiment of ethics, human qualities aimed at caring for the feelings of others and nature as a whole, willingness to help those suffering and in need, compliance with one’s own behavior and moral principles of modern society.

In any case, morality is a set of norms and principles of individual behavior in relation to the entire surrounding world, be it other people, animals, plants, or other forms of life and even inanimate objects.

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