What is the fine for hunting without a permit?

  • September 26, 2018
  • Legislation
  • dgyzi

Wildlife is fragile and vulnerable. If you neglect its components, for example animals, there is a high risk of disturbing the balance of the ecosystem. A decrease in population and the complete destruction of some animal species can lead to serious consequences for the living world.

Currently, one of the most popular leisure activities is hunting. Before you go, it is advisable to study the rules that apply in our country so as not to turn into a poacher. Hunting without a permit can have very negative consequences for the offender.

Some Important Information

The main task of government agencies, which are called upon to monitor strict compliance with hunting rules in the Russian Federation, is considered to be the preservation of the species diversity of those animals for which fishing is officially permitted. These government agencies are also responsible for ensuring the wise use of available hunting resources. The identification and timely punishment of poachers directly depends on the honesty and integrity of forest department employees.

The size of the fine for hunting without a permit depends on the scale of the damage, as well as on the value of the killed animal.

Punishment for poaching

Punishment for poaching is determined through a special investigation that looks at the damage caused to wildlife, the amount of damage caused, and the potential impact on certain ecosystems.

After this investigation, a verdict is passed; it can be a small fine of two thousand rubles, or a very large fine of several tens of thousands. In certain cases, criminal cases are even initiated against poachers, which most often end in time in a correctional colony.

Poaching is a very serious problem not only in the Russian Federation, but throughout the world. That is why people simply need to strengthen control over wildlife.

Changes for 2021

Hunting is a fairly broad concept that involves tracking, observing, and capturing wild birds and animals living in the wild. Those animals for which hunting is opened are recognized as an integral part of the hunting fund. The presence of a person with a firearm on the territory of the land is equated to hunting. What has changed this year? In 2021, an order from the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation came into force, and as a result, fines for illegal hunting have increased significantly.

Illegal elk hunting is punishable by a fine of 80 thousand rubles. When shooting a female, the amount increases to 400,000 rubles. Illegal shooting in specially protected areas (specially protected areas) has been increased to 560,000 rubles. If several birds or animals are caught, the fine increases.

Destruction of an individual wild reindeer is punishable by a fine of 30,000 rubles, marmot, marten, beaver - 6,000 rubles per individual. Illegal mining of mink and hare entails a fine of 1,000 rubles.

The fee for destroying a capercaillie without a license is 6,000 rubles. If you illegally hunt snowcock, black grouse, sage, or pheasant, you will have to pay 2,000 rubles.

For duck, hazel grouse, coot, pigeon, partridge, the “basic” fine is 600 rubles, and hunting quail and moorhen without a license is punishable by 200 rubles for each individual. Repeated violation involves an increase in the fine by the amount of the increasing coefficient.

Fines for violations are provided for by the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation in Article 8.37.

Fines for illegal hunting of animals and birds have increased

An order from the Russian Ministry of Natural Resources has come into force, increasing the value of hunting resources in the country.
Now poachers can be charged several times more for illegal hunting of animals and birds. Officials have significantly increased the rates by which the amount of damage from illegal hunting and various violations should be calculated. Thus, for one illegally hunted elk, musk ox or Siberian mountain goat, you will now have to pay at least 80 thousand rubles. In this case, it is necessary to take into account the current coefficients.

For example, for shooting an elk in public lands without permission, they can charge three times as much - 240 thousand rubles. If a poacher catches a female moose outside the hunting period, the amount of damage caused will increase 5 times - up to 400 thousand.

Illegal shooting of animals in specially protected natural areas will entail even more severe punishment. The same elk killed on these lands will cost the violator 560 thousand rubles. If several animals or birds become victims of poachers, then the amount of the penalty will be increased several times.

Dachshunds also grew on other ungulates. For illegal hunting of wild reindeer and wild boar, the minimum fee is 30,000 rubles per individual, for bighorn sheep - 100 thousand, for chamois, roe deer or mouflot - 40 thousand each.

Each illegally hunted individual of musk deer, saiga, aurochs, fallow deer or sika deer will cost the poacher, at best, 60 thousand rubles. A hybrid of bison with bison or livestock is estimated at 180 thousand (excluding increasing factors). The fee for a red deer is set at 70 thousand rubles.

For illegal hunting of a bear, you will have to pay at least 60 thousand, for a badger - five times less. For each individual of harza, marten, beaver or marmot - 6,000, for wolverine, sable or otter - 15 thousand rubles. The highest cost among fur-bearing animals is the lynx - 40 thousand.

A relatively small fee is imposed for illegal hunting of wolves, jackals, foxes, raccoon dogs and raccoons. Each of these animals will cost 200 rubles (excluding increasing factors). The “base cost” of a gopher, hamster, mole and water vole is half the price.

For illegal hunting of squirrels, chipmunks, ferrets, weasels, flying squirrels, weasels, muskrats, solongois and ermine, the minimum fee will be 500 rubles. You will have to pay twice as much for each individual mink, hare, corsac fox, arctic fox, wild cat or rabbit. In case of additional violations of the Hunting Rules, the amount of the penalty will increase multiple times.

For capercaillie, a fee of 6,000 rubles is provided. For black grouse, snowcock, pheasant or saji - three times less. Illegal hunting of each individual goose and brant will cost at least one thousand rubles. For woodcock, hazel grouse, duck, coot, partridge, pigeon and chukar the “basic rate” is 600 rubles, for moorhen, quail and many representatives of marsh-meadow game - 200 rubles.

What to pay attention to

Considering how dangerous this process is, the Russian government has established that only a citizen who has reached the age of majority can take part in hunting with firearms, dogs, and birds of prey. Previously, the hunter will have to pass an exam on hunting safety rules, as well as prove his competence in handling weapons. A prerequisite for the legality of fishing is the payment of a state fee (license or cost of a voucher).

Consequences of breaking the rules

What fine can a poacher receive for hunting without a permit? Liability for illegal hunting depends on various factors. Experts do not advise committing violations that entail guaranteed punishment.

If your plans include spending your free time hunting, you must first study the rules and take care of purchasing a hunting document that identifies the hunter.

There are other documents that a person who goes for game should have. For example, this must be a permit to carry firearms from the Department of Internal Affairs. There is a significant fine for hunting without a permit, so it is better to obtain official permission to hunt on the territory of a specific farm.

A license is required to hunt a certain type of animal.

It is necessary to pay special attention to the boundaries of the lands within which hunting is permitted. Note that if they are violated, the poacher will be fined for illegal hunting. It is much more profitable to pay the state all the requested amounts and enjoy legal hunting with friends than to hide in the forest from every mushroom picker.

Fines and punishments for illegal hunting in 2021

The hunter must remember that there are various fines and punishments for illegal hunting or poaching in Russia. Responsibility can be both administrative and criminal. Read more about what fines and punishments violators can expect for illegal hunting in 2021.

According to various estimates, there are about three million hunters in Russia. Most of them are law-abiding citizens who comply with all legal norms and rules, but there are also those who violate them, and sometimes quite deliberately, for example, they hunt in a reserve or hunt an animal outside the hunting season.

The hunting law is based on the following laws:

To become a hunter, you need to know:

During a hunt, the hunter must have with him:

  • passport;
  • hunting license;
  • weapons permit;
  • permission to extract hunting resources;
  • a voucher, if the hunt takes place in private hunting grounds;
  • permission, if necessary, for keeping and breeding birds of prey.

The following actions are considered the main violations of the law:

  • shooting game without special permission;
  • hunting during the prohibited period of the year;
  • catching and shooting of prohibited species of animals;
  • exceeding the established standards for shooting birds and animals - arbitrariness is unacceptable and even with the appropriate license, you must follow the rules.

For illegal hunting in 2021, they may be held administratively liable under Article 8.37 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation . It provides for the following fines and penalties:

Administrative liability of citizens in the form of a fine (Administrative Code of the Russian Federation):

  • Violation of hunting rules. Fine: 500 - 4,000 rubles.
    + possible confiscation of weapons or deprivation of the right to hunt for up to 2 years (Article 8.37 Part 1). Fine for persons holding positions: 25,000 - 35,000 rubles. + possible confiscation of weapons.
  • Repeated violation of hunting rules. Fine: 4,000 - 5,000 rubles + possible confiscation of weapons or deprivation of the right to hunt for up to 1-3 years (Article 8.37, Part 1.1).
    Fine for officials: 35,000 - 50,000 rubles. + possible confiscation of weapons.
  • Violation of hunting deadlines and hunting with unauthorized types of weapons. For citizens: deprivation of the right to hunt for up to 1 - 2 years (Article 8.37, Part 1.2).
    For officials, fine: 35,000 - 50,000 rubles. + possible confiscation of weapons.
  • Failure to provide a permit, permit or license. For citizens: deprivation of the right to hunt for up to 1 - 2 years (Article 8.37, Part 1.3).
    For officials, fine: 25,000 - 40,000 rubles. + possible confiscation of weapons.
  • Violation of the rules for using objects of the animal world. For citizens: 500 - 1,000 rubles.
    + confiscation of weapons is possible (Article 8.37 Part 3). For officials: 2,500 - 5,000 rubles. + possible confiscation of weapons. For legal entities: 50,000 - 100,000 rubles. + possible confiscation of weapons.

Criminal liability for illegal hunting may be brought under Article 258 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.

Criminal liability:

  • Illegal hunting with major damage to nature, with the use of gases, explosives, etc., hunting of prohibited animals, hunting in protected areas, in areas with an environmental emergency. Fine - 500,000 or less, or in the amount of salary and income for 2 years, or imprisonment for up to 2 years.
  • Illegal hunting using official and official powers, as well as by conspiracy, or with particularly large damage. Fine - 500,000 - 1,000,000 rubles, or salary and other income for 3 -5 years, or imprisonment for up to 3 - 5 years + possible deprivation of the right to engage in certain types of activities.
  • Hunting for species of fauna included in the Red Book. The current Red Book of Animals can be downloaded from the official website of the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation. Compulsory work for up to 480 hours or correctional labor for up to 2 years + possible fine up to 1,000,000 rubles or salary and income for 2 years + possible or restriction of freedom up to 1 year.

The latest information about new fines and punishments for violating hunting rules can always be found directly from the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation and the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.

The Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation does not contain a list of fines for each specific violation, but there are general formulations under which specific violations fall. For example, there is no liability for hunting ducks or beavers without a license, but there is a general article - violation of hunting rules.

In some cases, the court may make concessions to the attacker. Read about exceptions in detail in Article 8.37 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation, and also pay attention to judicial practice.

Who makes decisions on administrative responsibility?

Many structures are involved in the control of hunting in the Russian Federation. This includes the executive power of constituent entities, municipalities, the Ministry of Natural Resources, as well as environmental organizations themselves.

A decision on administrative liability can be made in court . All “disputes in the field of hunting and conservation of hunting resources will be settled in court.” This is stated in Article 56 of Federal Law No. 209 “On Hunting” .

Please note that at the scene of the offense, the inspector has the right to draw up an act and relevant documents, collect evidence, search the poachers’ belongings or vehicle, but he cannot issue a receipt for a fine.

Having collected all the information, he sends the documentation to law enforcement agencies, to the court with a request to bring the violator to administrative or criminal liability. Further, the issue will be resolved at another level.

Punishments and restrictions for violators

Despite numerous warnings from experts, some hunters continue to violate the accepted rules. They are worried about the fine for hunting without a permit. What happens if you go hunting an animal without official permission (license)?

This behavior has serious consequences. Not only will persistent violators have to pay a fine for hunting without a permit, they will also face criminal penalties. Let us note that the reason for the punishment may be not only the lack of documents permitting hunting, but also other points that are important to carefully study in advance.

For example, there are certain rules for hunting certain animals; compliance with them is mandatory. Violation of the deadlines and shooting standards specified in the permit is punishable by a fine.

The amount of the fine for hunting without a permit in 2021

A citizen who did not want to receive an official hunting permit, but shoots only permitted animals during it, will receive a standard fine, which was recently formalized in the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation. For the first violation of such a law, there is a fine of up to 4 thousand rubles, but if this violation is committed by officials, you will have to pay up to 35 thousand rubles, and this is only if they committed a one-time violation. For repeated reluctance to issue a permit, any hunter may be deprived of a weapons license and the right to issue these permits for a period of 2 to 3 years, depending on the weight of illegally obtained game. Of course, in addition to this, you will have to pay the standard fine for hunting without a permit, described above.


Tell me, what do you think about this?

Helpful information

The fine for hunting without a duck permit is set based on the level of damage caused. Also taken into account is the use of transport, hunting in specially protected areas, in areas of special environmental situations.

According to the rules, the Administrative Code prohibits hunting without a permit. In addition to administrative punishment in the form of a fine, by decision of the court, a hunter’s weapon may be confiscated, and a hunting license may also be revoked. When going on illegal hunting, you need to be aware of the serious consequences. For poachers whose actions cause significant damage to wildlife, the state provides not only administrative, but also criminal liability.

Some hunters are convinced that they will not face a fine for duck hunting without a permit, since they have not killed a single bird. In practice the situation is completely different. Even preliminary shooting of weapons is carried out only with special permission, as well as after payment of the state fee. It is undesirable to tempt fate even when located on your personal property, since, according to hunting rules, responsibility is assumed for shooting at a distance of less than 200 meters from residential premises.

In such situations, a fine is imposed not for the use of weapons in a specific locality, but for violating hunting rules.

What is considered poaching?

It is understood as deliberate harm to the natural environment for the purpose of obtaining material personal gain. Rare animals die because of human whims. The main goal of poachers is to make money by illegally shooting birds and animals.

Poaching is considered to be the capture of animals in protected areas, as well as the shooting of game without a hunting license. Violations that are punishable by fines and criminal liability include violation of hunting deadlines. Shooting animals and birds listed in the Red Book is prohibited by law. Poachers have no moral and ethical principles, they do not care about wildlife, they only care about personal gain.

What is poaching and who is prohibited from hunting?

Before answering the question, what is the fine for hunting without a permit in 2021? It wouldn’t hurt to find out why these fines are actually issued, and who the poacher is. Poaching is a broad concept that combines a lot of violations committed by both hunters and fishermen. In the minds of many, a poacher is a cruel killer who exterminates tons of animals and puts up armed resistance to government officials. In fact, even one hare shot without official permission is considered poaching. This also includes the extermination of animals, fish and birds listed in the Red Book.

According to experts, you may not only be punished for hunting without a permit in 2021, but also for encroaching on the lives of particularly valuable animal species. This is especially true for those species that are on the verge of extinction. The list of these animals is quite large, but we want to warn, first of all, against the extermination of these animals:

  • Amur tiger;
  • elk, and for some time now this beauty has also been banned - the temptation to get it is too great;
  • the snow leopard is a species that is already on the verge of extinction;
  • Far Eastern stork;
  • Japanese crane.

This list can be continued for a long time, and all these animals gained “famous” because they were included in the pages of the Red Book of the Russian Federation. By the way, it also includes a large number of wild plants – berries and mushrooms. It cannot be said that hunting is prohibited once and for all for all species of animals that are under state protection - there are exceptions to the rules, and for many species the ban applies only during the period of population regulation. The reason for starting the shooting may be a decision of the Russian government; the killing of animals protected by law is also allowed if you, thus, defended your life and can prove this fact. If there was no vital need for this or you did not have permits, be prepared to bear responsibility and pay a fine, at a minimum.

Material aspects

If a novice hunter does not have a special agreement, a financial fine will be imposed on him. The document on private hunting specifies the basic rights of the hunter. You will also need permission to go into the forest with a gun. If there are no such documents, you will have to prepare for serious consequences.

Before you start hunting, we advise you to carefully study all the regulations and rules that apply in the Russian Federation. When hunting without a permit, the hunter is subject to a fine ranging from five hundred rubles to 4,000-5,000 rubles. In addition to financial punishment, an administrative penalty is also imposed on the violator. Of course, it is much easier to officially pay for a license and issue a hunting license than to be considered a malicious poacher and violator.

About some prohibitions

There is a very impressive list of animals that are protected by Russian law. In case of shooting of such animals and birds, financial punishment is provided. The fine for non-compliance with the rules exceeds two million rubles. Note that poachers go hunting to get the maximum benefit. Among those animals for which hunting is prohibited, we highlight the Amur tiger.

Shooting a powerful and majestic individual threatens the offender with serious punishment.

Also among the animals whose protection the state has taken upon itself, it is necessary to mention deer, roe deer, cheetah, and leopard.

Let's sum it up

New fines imposed for illegal hunting require a one-time payment of twenty to thirty-five thousand rubles. Hunting tools are also required to be confiscated from the violator. Such actions are carried out in order to prevent repeated violations in the future.

According to Art. 258 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation provides for the liability of a person who has committed shooting on the territory of an animal reserve. Among the sanctions imposed on the violator are the payment of monetary compensation in the amount of 200,000-400,000 rubles. Such punishment, if the offender does not have material resources, is replaced by correctional labor for up to 24 months or arrest, the duration of which ranges from 4 to 6 months.

So, the lack of a permit or license to hunt entails serious fines. For poachers, the consequences can be much more dire than one might imagine at first glance, namely, not only administrative, but also criminal liability.

In order to avoid such problems, it is advisable to comply with all requirements and laws regarding hunting that have been developed and operate in our country.

It’s not worth it: fines for illegal hunting have been increased several times

Views: 1122 | 16 November 2021 - 10:10 | Krasnoyarsk region

A recent case in the Kozulsky district of the Krasnoyarsk Territory clearly demonstrates this

A hunter will pay twenty thousand rubles for an illegally caught wood grouse

The man caught two wood grouse. Thus, he exceeded the limit that was specified in the hunting permit. In addition, he did not put a mark on the extracted resource in the necessary documents, which is a violation of the Hunting Rules. Now the violator will have to pay a fine of 2 thousand rubles and compensate for the damage caused by illegal mining in the amount of 18 thousand rubles.

The Ministry of Ecology of the region called on hunters to be vigilant and not violate the requirements of environmental legislation. The department also noted that from February 12, 2021, by order of the Russian Ministry of Natural Resources, rates for calculating damage caused by illegal hunting have been changed. Now the amount of claims brought for illegal hunting of animals has increased by 2-4 times.

For illegal hunting, the violator will still have to pay a fine of 500 to 4,000 rubles. In addition, his weapon may be confiscated or his right to hunt may be deprived of him for up to two years.

Criminal liability is provided for unauthorized shooting of ungulates and bears, as well as hunting in specially protected natural areas.

Amounts of claims for illegal hunting of certain types of game animals

(according to information from the Ministry of Ecology of the Krasnoyarsk Territory)

Types of hunting resources Dachshund (rubles per 1 individual) Amount of damage to hunting resources due to illegal hunting (rubles per 1 individual) Amount of harm resulting from illegal hunting in the territory of protected areas, or on animals listed in the Red Book of the region (rubles per 1 individual)
male female male female
Elk 80 000 240000 400000 400000 560000
Boar, wild reindeer 30 000 90000 150000 150000 210000
Noble deer 70 000 210000 350000 350000 490000
Musk deer 60 000 180000 300000 300000 420000
Roe 40 000 120000 200000 200000 280000
Bear 60 000 180000 300000 300000 420000
Badger 12 000 36000 60000 60000 84000
Beaver 6 000 18000 30000 30000 42000
Sable, wolverine 15 000 45000 75000 75000 105000
Lynx 40 000 120000 200000 200000 280000
Wolf, fox 200 600 1000 1000 1400
Arctic fox, mink, hares 1 000 3000 5000 5000 7000
Capercaillie 6 000 18000 30000 30000 42000
Grouse 2 000 6000 10000 10000 14000
Geese, geese 1 000 3000 5000 5000 7000
Ducks, hazel grouse, partridges 600 1800 3000 3000 4200
Quail 200 600 1000 1000 1400

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