Punctuality: what it is, pros and cons, how to develop it

Punctuality is a special characteristic of a person, which means extreme systematicity, accuracy and pretentiousness in following the rules and their precise implementation, especially in relation to time. The manifestation of a person’s punctuality indicates his foresight, composure, adaptability to various circumstances (for example, a meeting is disrupted, and there may be unforeseen reasons for this, but a person can distribute his time in such a way that he will always be ready for any surprises and will not be late) .

Punctuality is synonymous with accuracy, thoroughness, scrupulousness and pedantry.

Punctuality is the antonym of negligence and carelessness, which also lack responsibility and reliability.

Punctuality is a quality that allows a person to arrive at the appointed place on time. If a person has a habit of being constantly late, it represents him as an undisciplined person, irresponsible, unreliable and superficial. This character trait also demonstrates that a person wants to show himself as a more important person than others; he believes that he has the right to be late. This behavior is very arrogant and no one likes or deserves it. It seems that a person does not value the personalities of others, their needs, cannot correctly set priorities and determine the significance of events for himself, hence his inadequate self-esteem.

The problem of punctuality. Some people are simply obsessed with being late on purpose, they build strategies on when it is best for them to come in order to cause a sensation with their appearance, to emphasize their importance and uniqueness. They will never ask the question: what is human punctuality? They simply are not interested. Caring so much about their personality, they do not notice that in this way they show their disrespectful attitude, and that the people who are waiting for them, in fact, do not give them the majesty that they expect, but only become nervous and irritated.

When a person is punctual, people treat him better, and are more open and trusting, because they know that they can always rely on such a person. A person who knows well what punctuality means and gives it the necessary value is the master of his life. She is always distinguished by the fact that she values ​​her own time and that of others, so she can correctly distribute it in relation to her responsibilities and the significance of certain events.

Showing punctuality towards other people is an indicator for them that they are respected and it doesn’t matter how important the meeting was, whether it was a business meeting or just a friendly conversation over a cup of coffee.

What is punctuality?

Punctuality - what does it mean? What character traits is this quality associated with? Psychologists answer the question of what punctuality is in a very detailed manner, highlighting many components and determining factors in the structure of this concept.

Punctuality is synonymous with accuracy

Punctuality is a personality trait, expressed in a person’s ability to accurately and methodically fulfill his duties, observing requirements and deadlines, and fulfilling agreements at exactly the specified time.

Punctuality is closely related to neatness. A person who tries to keep his personal belongings, home, and desk in order is accustomed to neatness. He projects his habitual handling of things onto interpersonal relationships. He does not like it when a business partner is late, regarding this as careless handling of time, so he himself always comes to the meeting at the appointed time.

Is punctuality good or bad?

In the realm of interpersonal and business relationships, punctuality is valued. It demonstrates a person’s respectful attitude towards others. People tend to form an impression of a person based on his ability to arrive on time. Punctuality often becomes the determining criterion when selecting candidates to fill a vacancy. This trait is regarded as a guarantee of a person’s reliability.

Psychologists are convinced that a person’s punctuality is a quality that combines the ability to value one’s own and other people’s time, discipline, accuracy, self-respect and self-organization.

If a person is punctual, it means that he controls the events of life. Punctual people inspire sympathy and trust from others.

When a person has a meeting scheduled, the lateness of a friend causes him anxiety. He worries, fearing that something could happen to the person, and at the same time he experiences irritation from being forced to wait for a long time.

Irritation from waiting

The above means that punctuality is a good quality. However, everything is good in moderation. The experience of communicating with overly pedantic and picky people, whose main point in building a model of interaction with society is punctuality, allows us to reveal the negative side of this personal trait:

  • People who are too strict about punctuality are called bores. Colleagues and relatives of such a person suffer from his obsession with accuracy. Sometimes tireless monitoring of the movement of clock hands develops into despotism, which is manifested by rigidity in raising children and the lack of a person’s ability to react flexibly to changing circumstances and adapt to the situation.
  • People who consider punctuality synonymous with politeness demand a similar attitude from others. They regard being 2 minutes late as a personal insult. It is very difficult to build relationships with such people because of their touchiness, capriciousness, and categoricalness. If such a person becomes a boss, he can impose strict sanctions for non-compliance with work and rest time; working under the leadership of an overly pedantic and punctual director is difficult.
  • An obsession with strict adherence to a regimen harms the person himself. If the desire to do everything at the appointed time develops into mania, then this indicates the initial stage of neurosis. In this case, a person needs to make an appointment with a psychologist to prevent personal deformation.

Important! Punctuality, despite the value of this quality in society, can sometimes harm its owner and have an irritating effect on others.

Top methods to improve your discipline


What could be a better motivation than the fear of losing your money? Of course, there is the possibility of increasing them. Make it a rule that for every minute you will put a certain amount of money into a piggy bank. Over time, this will help you become more structured and disciplined, plus a nice bonus - the accumulated amount that you can spend on a gift for your loved one and punctual.

If this method does not particularly inspire you, I suggest that if you are late for a meeting, be it business or friendly, pay for the dinner of the person who had to wait for you. Or just give him a certain amount. Having lost money several times due to irresponsibility, you will become more organized. And you will gain the reputation of a person who knows how to value not only his own, but also other people’s time.


Reconsider existing stereotypes by simply writing out the main ones on paper and rethinking them. If you were forgiven for most of your misdeeds when you were little, this does not mean that the world will behave the same way as your loved ones.

If one day you get to work in 10 minutes, that’s great, especially if the journey usually takes 25 minutes, but it’s better to measure the time with a margin that will be more consistent with reality.


Write down all the negative consequences and limitations that arose as a result of this habit. For example, have you not been promoted at work for a long time? If you pull yourself together and show what you are capable of, perhaps they will trust you more.

Or are there constant conflicts with your loved one against this background? Now you will get along better and live more peacefully. After completing this exercise, imagine yourself 10 years from now, still constantly late everywhere. What have you achieved? What do you have? Are there close and valuable people nearby?

Preliminary preparation

You will significantly save time in the morning on getting ready if you prepare clothes and lunch in advance in the evening. By the way, you can also take care of breakfast; there are many options when porridge or cereal is poured, for example, with yogurt and fruit, and left to steep all night. Collect the necessary documents, check the child’s briefcase, etc.

Time change

There is an illusion that if you move the clock forward 10 minutes, a person will arrive everywhere on time. An illusion - because in this case the person relaxes excessively, so much so that he is even more late, because he thinks that he has plenty of time left, but in fact he is miscalculating.


Try to analyze in what situations you are more likely to linger; perhaps a defense mechanism is triggered for something unwanted, in the form of resistance, which is why you unconsciously procrastinate and try to find an excuse and a reason not to show up at all?


Choose one day and have a good rest, be lazy, and realize your desires. This will help restore energy and strength, as a result of which you will become more efficient and organized.

Plan your day

In this case, you will understand how much time and what exactly should be spent. Try writing things down in a diary for at least a week, then this process will go effortlessly, on its own. You will learn where to start from the article “10 Rules for Keeping a Diary: Step-by-Step Instructions.”

Buy yourself a watch

If you don't already have them, to constantly monitor the time. A mobile phone is not suitable for these purposes, since, on the contrary, it can “draw” you into viewing messages, news, and other things.

Train your intuition

It's not difficult, it just requires dedication and frequent repetitions of the exercises. For example, note what time it is and go about your business, after which at some point you get distracted and think how many minutes have passed since you looked at your watch? By constantly playing, you will train, and first of all, create such an interesting function as the sense of time.

Believe me, gradually, by paying enough attention to this process, you will learn to determine the number of hours that have passed, down to minutes and seconds. This skill will significantly affect your daily life; having such an internal alarm clock, you will be able to “turn on” on time and start getting ready for a meeting, work, etc. You can learn more about intuition in the article “The Best 13 Exercises for Developing Extraordinarily Strong Intuition.”

What is a model of punctuality?

A man says he misses a woman - what does that mean?

Interesting. One intellectual television show had this riddle: “What is the model of punctuality”? Players could not find the correct answer. It turns out that the bayonet is the model of punctuality! At first glance, this item has nothing in common with a brief description of a person, but there is an expression “I’ll be like a bayonet!”, which is perceived by the interlocutor as a guaranteed presence of a person at the event. At the same time, arriving at the event on time is implied. That is, a person focuses on his punctuality, comparing himself to a bayonet. It turns out that the bayonet is a model of punctuality.

General information

Lack of punctuality is a problem that a person, to one degree or another, faces every day. People who are regularly late cause misunderstandings and, for some, hostility. A person who is unable to come to an appointment on time does not inspire respect; one gets the impression that he is irresponsible and does not know how to control himself. Late, a person who is constantly late (as others call him).

If you are familiar with the phrase: “I’m always late for work,” then you know that this is also terrible and inconvenient, because you have to do everything in a hurry, literally run down the street, come up with a logical excuse, apologize and make excuses. This is why it is so important to learn to plan everything in your life and use your time rationally.

Not all people who are late think about what consequences may await them in the future. They get a bad reputation, colleagues realize that they cannot rely on such an individual, he cannot be trusted, and this aggravates relationships in the team and negatively affects self-esteem.

Rules for a punctual person

How to find yourself and your purpose in life: what does it mean and where to start

In order to develop your ability to be on time everywhere and complete planned tasks on time, it is recommended to follow short instructions:

  1. Plan things for the week and for the day. It is convenient to use a diary for this. In it you can create an hourly plan for the day, this will allow you to understand when and what needs to be done, and will save you from unnecessary fuss.

Planning things

  1. When planning things, you need to spend 10-15 minutes more than required for each task. This will help you finish what you started, even if something unexpected happens.
  2. Multitasking increases the risk of broken promises. It is important to learn to refuse offers, realistically assessing your capabilities.
  3. You need to minimize the number of unpleasant things to do per day. If a person doesn’t feel like going to a meeting or doing work, he will unconsciously delay the unpleasant moment: his movements will slow down, his concentration will decrease, and there is a high probability that he will simply “forget” about an important matter.
  4. In order not to miss a significant event, you can set a reminder on your mobile phone.

To save time getting ready in the morning, you need to prepare your clothes and pack your bag in the evening. It is also useful to think through several route options to the desired location, taking into account traffic or weather conditions.

Attention! It may seem that keeping a diary, setting reminders and planning routes is a routine in which you can drown. But that's not true. All these small actions matter: they are the key to stability, comfort and punctuality.


There is a comic typology of personalities that explains the reasons for being late.


Such a person is simply not able to “pull himself together” and force himself to do something if he has a lot of time on his hands. What gives him the acuteness of his sensations is the understanding that a catastrophe will happen, very soon, if he doesn’t pull himself together and perform a miracle, giving his 100%. He needs this to get rid of boredom, and stability and gradualism scare him.


He tries to effectively distribute every minute of his life, so to speak, “cramming in the things that cannot be squeezed in,” because he gets great pleasure from the moment when he crosses off another task from his huge to-do list. One minus is that he does not know how to realistically estimate the amount of time that needs to be spent on completing any task, which is why he “suffers.”


I don't think there's much need to explain. The world around him, or his own thoughts, absorb him so much that he is not only distracted, but sometimes even “falls out” of reality, completely immersed in the reason for his interest.

This is why he usually doesn’t know where his keys are, loses his phone, forgets umbrellas and shopping bags. So, it’s not surprising that he suppresses information about the upcoming meeting, remembering and catching himself at the very last moment.


He does not like to explain himself, and is used to blaming circumstances, other people, and even natural phenomena. He, so responsible and obligatory, is always interrupted by someone or something, so it is likely that you will not even hear an apology for wasting an hour waiting for him, so innocent.


It seems that he understands that he is already quite tired of his irresponsibility, but he constantly apologizes profusely, while consistently being late for every meeting. Sometimes he tries to pass himself off as a victim, explaining that he understands his mistakes, but at the same time is unable to cope with them.


A person with a very low level of self-control. His behavior can resemble a big child who wants to do only what he likes, and at the same time does not bear responsibility for his behavior and actions.


A fighter against the system, for some reason he decided that this was how he could demonstrate his strength, will and power.

Punctuality of a person at work

Pyromaniac - what does it mean?

Every employer is interested in the diligence and punctuality of its employees. This implies that the employee has the skills to determine the rational sequence of performing production tasks and self-organization.

Punctuality is at the forefront of professional etiquette and is the key to successful completion of business negotiations. Punctuality at work comes down to the following:

  • Arrive at the office on time. The optimal time is to show up at your workplace 10 minutes before the start of the working day. This allows you to prepare the workplace and, if necessary, ventilate the office.
  • Carrying out production functions taking into account the established work deadlines. This affects not only the work of an individual, but also the nature of the technological process and the efficiency of the organization. Punctuality and accuracy of work of each employee is the key to high productivity of the enterprise.

Submit reports on time

  • Timely submission of reports. When preparing reporting documentation, employees must be careful and careful to avoid mistakes. Otherwise, the report will have to be redone, as a result of which it will not be possible to submit it on time.

Is punctuality good or bad?

When you arrive at work on time, and there is no one around who could assess your appearance with second-to-second accuracy.


Punctuality is only a consequence of the ability to organize oneself, time and life. I think it’s good if she is not fanatical, to the point of being demanding of others, to be equal to herself, so exceptional and punctual))


Punctuality is a gift! )))) if a person is punctual, then this is not only in coming to work, but in everything! and this means that your friends don’t have to wait for you, that the young man doesn’t have to freeze outside waiting, it means you don’t irritate cinema visitors when you enter the theater when the film is already showing, you don’t be late for the theaters, and you don’t miss the plane’s departure ))))

How to develop punctuality

No one has innate punctuality. This quality develops in the process of social interaction, just like sociability. Punctuality is a manifestation of the moral and cultural level of human development. Anyone can purposefully develop this trait in themselves.

Recommendations for time management

Psychologists give the following recommendations for improving time management skills:

  • Making a to-do list that you always need to carry with you;
  • It is recommended to divide large projects and cases into stages in the form of completed actions;
  • Set aside time every day for personal matters and proper rest;
  • Easy and quick tasks should be done immediately, without delay;
  • Learn to prioritize tasks, dividing them into urgent and important;
  • If two tasks are of equal importance and urgency, then the more difficult task should be completed first.

So, punctual people are those who manage time and value it. In order to always have time for everything, you need to learn to live a rational life, say goodbye to those people who do not value your time, and say “no” to those things that do not bring pleasure.

Punctual man

As a national trait of a German

The mutual surprise of Russians and Germans at the views on life and order of the opposite side stems from the difference in mentality.

Putting aside all their other “oddities,” it must be admitted that the Germans are far ahead of the Russians in their attitude to labor, to work, to the organization of life and production. “Soaring in the clouds” is alien to them if the plan for a planned large-scale or small-scale business does not involve serious analytical work, taking into account all possibilities, implementation options, and foreseeing potential difficulties and complications. Perfect performance of one's duties is the goal of a true German.

Of course, among the Germans there are also people with their own point of view, with different behavior, with a different attitude to reality than others, but on the whole this nation has become a model of punctuality. From adolescence, its representatives already clearly understand what punctuality is, and they are already trusted to follow their own views, since it is not customary for them to look after children for too long. The main thing that parents teach here is external neatness, hard work, responsibility for their lives and for their loved ones.

Self-education recipes

An adult who has realized what punctuality is and how harmful its absence is can set himself the task of developing the habit of accuracy and precision.

  1. Think about (or, with the help of close people, find out) the real reasons for your unpunctuality - inability to distribute time between important and secondary matters and concerns, irresponsibility, weak will, lack of understanding of people’s dependence on each other, etc.
  2. Accustom yourself to planning things for the coming day. In the plan, indicate the time for completing a specific task. This develops self-control skills.
  3. In accordance with the content of planned tasks, think about how to prepare for them, what needs to be done in advance: write a text, do your hair, order a taxi, etc.
  4. Find an effective way to remind yourself of important things to do. This could be notes, an alarm clock, a call from a friend.
  5. Introduce the practice of setting your watch 20-30 minutes ahead of an important task in order to start preparing for it earlier, leave the house in advance, etc.
  6. If, nevertheless, being late is inevitable or fulfilling the promise is impossible, you should notify your partner about this in advance, and do not hesitate to ask other people for help. The experienced feelings of awkwardness and shame are not forgotten for a long time and stimulate further careful preparation and adherence to the temporary regime.

Consulting with a professional psychologist is the fastest way to learn organization and responsibility. He will determine the reasons for her absence and give specific advice on self-education, and conduct special effective training.

How to teach your child accuracy

Any instruction for parents begins with an invitation to set a model of behavior for their children. Teaching punctuality and accuracy begins with the same:

  • strict fulfillment of promises made to a child of any age;
  • an accessible explanation: why you should not be late for kindergarten (children and the teacher, the nanny are waiting for him on time, being late offends people, and this is impolite), why and how you should prepare in advance for some event at school;
  • showing the process of preparing, for example, clothes and shoes for the upcoming exit from home, a festive table for the arrival of guests;
  • a suggestion to check before going to bed whether the play corner is in order and whether things are prepared for tomorrow;
  • encouragement for punctuality and reprimand for sloppiness;
  • drawing up a plan for tomorrow, analyzing its implementation;
  • learning how to use a watch.

If, nevertheless, there is a delay, then the child must be shown how to apologize to the person who was waiting. It should be explained to him in an accessible form and using understandable examples that his punctuality and communication skills are interconnected. Communication with a person who lives according to his own clock is almost impossible.

( 2 ratings, average 5 out of 5 )
Did you like the article? Share with friends:
For any suggestions regarding the site: [email protected]
Для любых предложений по сайту: [email protected]