List of basic values ​​in life. Human life priorities

From list of 300 values ​​of life, you can find out which ones are most important to you. Life priorities include general human concepts, but for each person they have their own special meaning.

What will be important to you personally? How you answer this question determines what values ​​you choose for yourself. Which will highlight what you stand for , what your behavior, actions and decisions are.

If a person has what is most valuable to him, he lives in accordance with his main values, he is satisfied with his life.

When priorities are not set, they are violated every day. Which can cause internal instability, tension, which turns into a state of dissatisfaction and destructive behavior.

What it is

Each of us has unique guidelines, thanks to which we understand what is more and what is less important, what is acceptable and what is not. This is a set of beliefs, ideals and principles that we follow when performing a particular action. Using these internal “standards of excellence” you can determine what is most meaningful in your personal universe.

Sometimes a person establishes these coordinates himself, relying on his experience, and sometimes they are acquired by him from the outside with the easy supply of society and firmly grow into his worldview. If an individual betrays his basic attitudes, he will face intrapersonal conflict, which will entail a state of depression.

Definition of the concept and signs

Life values ​​are a kind of absolute that occupies a primary position in worldview. We are guided by them, setting certain goals for ourselves, and through their prism we evaluate our actions, desires, as well as the behavior of other people. With their help we set priorities.

To become a value guide, an existing phenomenon of reality must receive an emotional response and a rational explanation of its significance for a particular person. Therefore, you cannot impose your coordinate system on another.

In the process of formation and development of personality, values ​​can and will certainly change. In childhood, some things come to the fore, in youth, others, and in adulthood, absolutely opposite ones. A person’s priorities directly depend on the events he experiences and the influence of certain ideas on him. Some situations can turn your mind around, look at your life from a different angle and completely rethink your hierarchy of guidelines.

List of main features of value attitudes

  • Significance. They have weight and importance in the eyes of the one who owns them. At all costs, the owner strives to observe and protect them.
  • Awareness. As a rule, people are aware of what is important to them. Based on this understanding, they build a certain model of behavior, which they adjust to existing internal norms and rules with the help of self-control and self-discipline.
  • Self-sufficiency. Personal guidelines do not need the approval or advice of others.
  • Positive character. These beliefs are not perceived by the individual as obligations. They are not burdensome, but evoke only positive emotions.

Examples of priorities

To make it clearer what life values ​​are, let’s look at examples from life.

  1. If a person’s main priority is family, he will take care of loved ones and provide help even when they are not asked for it. He devotes a lot of time to his household, will prefer an extra day off instead of working overtime, and may deny himself material goods for the sake of the comfort of his partner or children.
  2. What does it mean if life values ​​include the desire to achieve a high position and professional success? This suggests that the individual will do everything possible to ensure rapid career growth. Such people strive to constantly learn, are not afraid of irregular schedules, and will do anything to achieve their goals. Because of an important meeting, they quietly miss a family holiday.
  3. If health comes first, then people lead a healthy lifestyle, try to maintain a clear daily routine and eat right. They undergo regular examinations, periodically sign up for preventive and rehabilitation procedures, and at the slightest deterioration in their health, they rush to visit a doctor.
  4. Spiritual development can be a value in life. It is important for such people to attend psychological trainings, where work is carried out on the inner world of the individual, travel to places of pilgrimage and constantly work on the development of the soul.
  5. People for whom the realization of creative potential is of paramount importance usually do not engage in everyday life. They do not attach importance to such trifles as unwashed dishes or lack of dinner; spiritual food is much more important to them. These are people who, in order to buy new paints, a musical instrument, or stage a play, can sacrifice all their savings.

The role of life values

Each person should clearly understand their internal coordinate system. This understanding will help when solving difficult issues, at the moment when it is necessary to make a choice. Awareness of what is actually primary for you at a given moment in time will allow you to avoid global mistakes and regrets.

The hierarchy of significant attitudes is individual. Based on it, the individual builds his life. Very often you have to choose between two important things; stopping internal torment and doubts is precisely what helps you analyze your own guidelines and priorities. There is no clear, right or wrong answer to the question of what a person's core values ​​should be. It all depends on the attitude of a particular individual.

Components of personality

The formation of value systems is an essential part of the process of socialization and personal development. Under ideal conditions, they should be ordered, structured in the mind, and their owner should clearly understand what is of paramount importance to him at this stage of life. But not everyone knows how to work with their beliefs and prioritize them.

Relationships between people are largely built on the coincidence or divergence of internal guidelines and priorities. The compatibility and similarity of their values ​​strengthens relationships and connections, and divergence becomes the cause of conflict situations. New value attitudes are formed under the condition of the individual’s natural involvement in an unfamiliar environment, where his need for something that he had not previously thought about is discovered.

Prerequisites for behavior

Prioritization of internal beliefs is the main motive that determines people’s actions, lifestyle and direction of activity. Depending on what is important to an individual, he will consciously or unconsciously strive to follow this paradigm and build his desires and plans around it.

Psychologist Daria Milai

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Every action of an individual is a reflection of his values. Knowing what a person primarily relies on, you can predict his reaction to any phenomenon and better understand his motivation. We all perceive the world through the prism of already existing paradigms, which were formed on the basis of past experience, which is why it can be so difficult to hear and accept the position of another.

How are they formed

The foundation for the formation of value guidelines is laid in childhood. A child, like a sponge, absorbs the results of his interaction with the world, sorts what is happening into “good” and “bad” categories with the help of his immediate environment (parents and peers). As an adult, it is much more difficult to change your beliefs, to turn the vector of thinking in a radically new direction. That’s why it’s so important to pay attention to personality development in adolescence.

What influences the emergence of certain values:

  • The process of education. In the early stages of life, it is the parents who serve as models for the child, thanks to whom he understands how to behave in a particular situation, what is pleasant and what is undesirable. Even interests are formed on the basis of the basis laid by loved ones. Adults demonstrate to children unique patterns of behavior that they consciously and unconsciously rely on in the future.
  • Educational institutions. Kindergarten and school play no less important role in a child’s life than the family. By receiving new knowledge and skills from teachers, schoolchildren are already beginning to understand what is more important to them and what is less important.
  • Social norms. Having barely felt like a part of society, we are faced with certain frameworks and requirements of behavior into which we agree to fit in so as not to cause condemnation.
  • Self-knowledge. Having mastered this tool for personal development, a person discovers unlimited possibilities for self-analysis. They allow you to separate your views from others, to abstract from the obsessive influence of other people’s value coordinates.

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Key Value Guidelines

I classify them in two directions:

  • Material. This includes everything related to a comfortable life, housing, and financial solvency.
  • Spiritual. Something that cannot be felt with the help of the senses, but has great weight at the mental level. Family, friends, career, favorite business, education, health, beauty and so on.

However, it is almost impossible to strictly separate one category from another. One way or another, they are closely intertwined and cannot exist in isolation.

What are the personal values ​​in a person’s life: a list of examples

  • Activity.
  • Serenity.
  • Impartiality.
  • Gratitude.
  • Inspiration.
  • Cheerfulness.
  • Flexibility.
  • Spirituality.
  • Entertainment.
  • Daydreaming.
  • Wisdom.
  • Reliability.
  • Independence.
  • Security.
  • Certainty.
  • Organized.
  • Mindfulness.
  • Frankness.
  • Openness.
  • Devotion.
  • Attractiveness.
  • Affiliation.
  • Proactivity.
  • Determination.
  • Modesty.
  • Stability.
  • Courage.
  • Hardness.
  • Accuracy.
  • Moderation.
  • Uniqueness.
  • Financial independence.
  • Thrift.
  • Sensuality.
  • Generosity.
  • Brightness.
  • Altruism.
  • Heroism.
  • Optimism.
  • Pragmatism.
  • Practicality.
  • Professionalism.
  • Realism.
  • Balance.
  • Wealth.
  • Hospitality.
  • Benevolence.
  • Curiosity.
  • Consistency.
  • Perfection.
  • Creation.
  • Perseverance.
  • Faith.
  • Power.
  • Imagination.
  • Achievement.
  • Knowledge.
  • Study.
  • Pleasure.
  • Education.
  • Understanding.
  • Adventure.
  • Confidence.
  • Abundance.
  • Wit.
  • Opening.
  • Justice.
  • Acceptance.
  • Development.
  • Diversity.
  • Sympathy.
  • Hard work.
  • Pleasure.
  • Coolness.
  • Hygiene.
  • Depth.
  • Discipline.
  • Self-discipline.
  • Friendship.
  • Health.
  • Comfort.
  • Beauty.
  • Logics.
  • Love.
  • World.
  • Hope.
  • Experience.
  • Victory.
  • Support.
  • Peace.
  • Benefit.
  • Is it true.
  • Simplicity.
  • Height.
  • Self-control.
  • Freedom.
  • Family.
  • Glory.
  • Passion.
  • Happiness.
  • Tradition.
  • Energy.
  • Synergy.
  • Success.
  • Purity.
  • Humor.

This is not a complete list of value guidelines existing in the world. Based on it, you can create your own hierarchy by adding other concepts.

Pyramid of Values

A. Maslow’s famous scheme, which describes human needs, can also characterize the system according to which life priorities are built. The foundation of human existence as a whole is its biological component. There are motives that physiology dictates to us: in other words, it is difficult to talk about the eternal when you are hungry, cold or in pain.

The next stage in the formation of priorities is the desire for security. This includes the desire to organize a comfortable space for living.

After this, social needs arise, the need for respect and recognition, the thirst for knowledge and creativity, aesthetic and spiritual values.

The deepest foundations of existence

In order to determine the meaning of life, it is necessary to consider several aspects at once. First, let's find the value of man and society within life itself. Everything that is inherent in the natural processes of existence is beautiful in itself. Every person values ​​life and realizes that he came into this world not in vain, but with some kind of mission. Awareness of one's own necessity, the search for an important mission already fills a person's existence with deep meaning.

Simple, but such important human values ​​have a sensual and emotional beginning. We are talking about love and friendship, devotion and honesty, selflessness and kindness, mercy and compassion, respect and honor. All these feelings, coupled with fidelity, hope, courage and conscience, help a person cope with internal demons, with the contradictory imperfections of existence. Speaking about the highest human values, one cannot fail to mention spirituality, which fills existence in its entirety.

Another classification of value guidelines in the table

Basic prices
PersonalKnowledge, education, upbringing, self-discipline, health.
Socially conditionedRelationships, family, friendship, communication, mutual assistance, love.
Financial well-beingCareer, money, professionalism.
Social status Recognition, success, power.
DevelopmentSelf-knowledge, self-education, self-development.
RestTravel, adventure, impressions, energy, entertainment.

Ask a question


What are a person's values? Pyramid of human values:

Examples of life values:

  1. Relationships with a loved one. Having a permanent relationship with a like-minded person plays a big role for a person.
    Such people have a predominant need for affection, care, tenderness, and mutual understanding. Having found a suitable partner, they strive to maintain the relationship with him and get married. In marriage, such people turn out to be faithful and caring spouses, for whom personal life always comes first.
  2. Money . Material gain, financial well-being and prosperity are the main goals in the life of a person for whom money is the highest value. His actions are primarily aimed at generating income and achieving material wealth.
  3. Power . People who value power above all else strive throughout their lives to improve their social status. They want to occupy a certain position in society that allows them to influence others.

Value system for men and women

The debate about gender differences is currently very active. But it is difficult to deny the influence of historical and biological factors on the formation of value ideas. According to statistics, the desire, first of all, to build a career, gain high social status and material well-being is characteristic of the male part of humanity. Women's physiology and psychology implies bringing to the fore the desire to realize oneself as a mother and wife.

However, speaking not in general, but in particular, everything that concerns internal beliefs is a purely individual issue.

Hierarchy of values

Building your own pyramid of priorities helps in situations where you need to make a choice between several ambiguous options. It will also allow you to analyze your behavior and actions and prevent the emergence of internal conflict.

How to determine your life maxims

The most common technique for identifying a personal value-oriented system is the principle of comparative analysis. Start by writing down everything that matters to you. Don't limit yourself: use the list above and add your own items to it. This procedure can take quite a long time - take your time. The most important thing is to paint a picture of your worldview as fully as possible.

After this, rest and switch to another type of activity. Return to the list after a few hours or even days (for the purity of the experiment). Re-read it and choose the 10 most significant points for you, and simply cross out the rest. The next step is to reduce the resulting list by another half.

When the 5 most valuable concepts remain before your eyes, prioritize them. To do this, imagine something you could never give up in favor of something else. As a result, you will receive your own hierarchy of value systems. This is your inner compass.

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