Moral qualities of a person: their formation and examples

Any society has developed certain moral standards. They are not enshrined anywhere at the legislative level, but are passed on by word of mouth or through special literature. There are no sanctions for failure to follow moral standards. The maximum that someone who fails to comply with them can run into is public censure.

good child

Don't blindly follow other people's opinions. Developed moral qualities are the basis for interacting with people and achieving success. Therefore, it is important to train them for both adults and children.

Hard work

Moral qualities are different. One of them is hard work. A person who does not shirk from work always has weight in the eyes of society. What kind of work should it be? It doesn't matter. Each individual must work to the best of his ability and ability. If he can earn money through intellectual work, then he should work as an engineer, programmer, etc. If a person has not received a special education, he can always get a job as a driver, dispatcher, builder, etc.

Fostering hard work should begin in childhood. Some parents protect their children. They do not force their children to work and argue that the child should have a normal childhood. But if you don’t teach children to work, they will grow up to be lazy. Teenagers from the age of 14 can already go to work. Moreover, this is often practiced in families with good incomes. In this way, parents teach their children to work. Hard work is a habit, and if it is not there, a person will have a very difficult time in life. In order not to be considered lazy, you need to work not only at your main job, but also at home. You should also help friends and relatives as needed.


Synonyms for the concept: courage, dedication, integrity. This is fearlessness, courage and valor - a person’s ability to suppress the body’s instinctive defensive reactions that arise in extreme situations and manage their behavior effectively.

Three forms can be distinguished separately:

  • Courage. A situation where a person knows about the danger, but still completes the task.
  • Bravery. A person experiences emotional arousal from a sense of danger.
  • Courage. When fear is replaced by a sense of duty, and a person strives to achieve a socially significant goal.

These are different states and goals for a person and society, and they do not relate to a person’s personal characteristics.


The laying of the foundations of moral qualities occurs in childhood. It is the parents who must explain to the child what respect for elders is. Children may be shy and afraid of adults, but this feeling of fear should be eradicated. Replace it with respect. The child must understand the difference between himself and his grandparents. Older people have less energy and less strength. For this reason, they need help carrying heavy bags and giving up their seat on public transport. But politeness is not only what a person flaunts in the form of behavior. Respect is shown in relation to the older generation. A child, and then an adult, must respect not only those who are older, but also those who are younger. Talking on “you” with all strangers is a tribute to the person. You should not neglect simple rules of decency, so as not to be branded as an impolite person.


This is the desire and conscious desire to follow order. The concept includes restraint (restraining impulses that come at the wrong time).

It has a moral and intellectual component, as it includes generally accepted norms of behavior and rationality applicable in situations of choice. The behavior of a disciplined person is ordered and in conjunction with all other systems.

This is the ability and desire to manage one’s behavior in such a way as to accomplish assigned tasks. It is based on the ability to control one’s desires and subordinate one’s behavior to the requirements of necessity. Once formed, it turns into self-discipline.

Too strict discipline can lead to passive thinking and an inability to adapt to changing environmental conditions. Initially, discipline is achieved by motivation either to avoid punishment or for one’s own benefit (the carrot and stick method).


People around you will judge you for your lack of moral qualities and, as a result, may stop communicating with you. To prevent this, you need to be extremely frank with everyone. Naturally, you should dose your frankness within the bounds of decency. A person must be honest. Lying is bad, but for some reason people forget about it. Today lies can be found at every step, so many people believe that this is normal. You need to try to be above this. Some people try to be honest, so they prefer not to lie, but to keep silent. Is this form of behavior considered lying? Counts. Imagine that you are on trial. You are being interrogated on some issue, and you are withholding some important information. In this situation it seems unacceptable. Why do you think differently in life? Frankness makes people's lives easier. They don't have to remember all the lies they make up, and this helps them keep their face in front of family and friends, as well as strangers.


This is the quality of a person who consciously follows some chosen principles (beliefs, views), which are the norm of behavior for him.

Integrity is based on confidence in one’s own rightness and the fairness of the accepted order. There is a set of laws before which everyone is equal. And there are people who are ready to circumvent laws and regulations. They may offer more favorable conditions in exchange for some benefit for themselves. The ability to resist temptation and adhere to generally accepted order is a manifestation of integrity and moral stability.

And this manifestation becomes a volitional act when adherence to principles threatens a person’s life, health and well-being, while a deviation from beliefs for the sake of profit will indicate a person’s unprincipledness.


In our age of the Internet, every person dreams of becoming famous. To do this, people try to flaunt their talents or their good looks. But why then are children still taught lessons in politeness in kindergarten? For the reason that a person must be well developed and be able to distinguish bad from good. Modesty is a character trait that makes a person mysterious. If a person does not put himself on display, it is more interesting to talk to him. People who try to show off look too unnatural. Modesty is decorative. She helps people succeed. This quality is especially relevant today. Thanks to modesty, a person can successfully stand out from his surroundings. For some reason, people who behave too openly and overly liberated are encouraged by our society. It is worth noting the simple truth that it is thanks to such individuals that people degrade faster and faster every year.

Basic moral qualities

Qualities of a man - bad and good character traits, what to cultivate in yourself

The division of qualities into good and bad is only conditional. The same characteristic is considered useful or harmful depending on the situation. For example, prudence can develop into indecisiveness. Lack of conflict can develop into weak character. Thrifting can seem like stinginess. Pride develops into arrogance. In any case, there are a number of qualities that are considered positive or negative.

Positive character traits

A quality that helps a person live and benefits people is considered positive. Such high, worthy characteristics from a spiritual point of view are considered:

  1. Determination. The ability to make drastic changes in life, readily accepting the possible consequences.
  2. Courage. The quality with which a person can do something despite fear.
  3. Strength of will. The ability to resist momentary temptations in favor of a prosperous future.
  4. Generosity. When a person easily partes with his resources for the benefit of another. Although generosity is usually associated with money, there can be other resources, such as time. Sometimes the latter is valued even more by loved ones. In general, you can be generous in a broad and narrow sense.
  5. Determination. This quality is considered especially positive when a person and his immediate environment strive for the same results. Then he becomes a leader, thanks to him, all members of the group begin to live better. If goal-orientation is focused solely on one's own goals, it can be destructive because it does not take into account the interests of other people.
  6. Decency, honesty. This includes the lack of desire to hide something from your loved ones, openness to them.
  7. Empathy. The ability to sense another person's emotions and act on them.

All these positive qualities can play a cruel joke, both on the person himself and on other people. Therefore, it is important to remain flexible and adapt to the situation.

Negative qualities

By analogy with positive qualities, those personality traits that harm oneself and others are considered negative. Many of them are the opposite of positive aspects: squandering, indecisiveness, callousness, deceit and others. Here are some other negative qualities:

  1. Inappropriate careerism. The case when excessive determination has a negative impact on other people.
  2. Aggressiveness. When a person does not know how to competently redirect negative emotions, causing harm to others.
  3. Irresponsibility is the thoughtless commission of actions that obviously have negative consequences.
  4. Parasitism is when a person takes the resources of another person without giving anything in return.
  5. Corrupt practices.


A politeness lesson in kindergarten and school should begin with teachers talking about criticism. It is rare for young children, but the older a person gets, the more often he encounters critical opinion. Few people know how to normally perceive a condemning opinion about themselves or about their work. But you need to keep in mind that everyone around you has the right to freedom of speech. For this reason, people can criticize everything they see. Every individual must become self-critical from childhood. For what? To learn to distinguish useful criticism from slander. Sometimes people around you don’t want to offend you or the subject of your work. They want to help and express their opinion, which may turn out to be competent. For this reason, it needs to be listened to and taken into account. And a negative statement that is not supported by any arguments should be learned to be ignored. And most importantly, you need to learn not to respond to slander and not to take revenge in return. Every person must understand a simple truth: it is impossible to fight human envy. An envious person is an unhappy person who needs compassion and love.

What are the standards?

Moral standards can be represented as a scale with two poles , one of which displays encouraged behavior patterns, and the other condemned.

Moral norms can be divided into two types: about what is permissible and what is unacceptable (about good and evil).

The concepts are opposite and mutually exclusive, which means that each norm has its own antipode.

This forces a person to take a stable position, since it is impossible to maintain neutrality in conditions of polarity (unless inaction is a conscious choice of a person who is ready to be condemned by others).


The moral qualities of a person have been developed since ancient times. Without them, people would not be able to exist in one society. One of these qualities is conscience. A person can live without it, but in this case it will be very difficult for him. The pangs of conscience, which are familiar to every adult, are similar to an internal censor who says that a person is going the wrong way or doing a bad thing. Without this inner compass, it is very easy to stray from the noble path. Therefore, it is necessary to develop this feeling in a child from childhood. How? If a child acts badly or ugly, he must not only be scolded, but also reproached by appealing to his conscience. By doing this every time, parents install a censor in a little person who will guide the individual on the right path all his life.

Landmark, position, principles

A moral guideline is the goals and prohibitions (existing in the mind) that a person uses as a model for constructing a line of behavior.

Those. a moral guideline represents a clear framework beyond which a person does not allow himself to go.

Moral position is an assessment of the norms of social behavior and their compliance. A person passes this assessment through an internal “filter”, realizing it and accepting it as a guide for his own actions. Moral position includes:

  • behavioral motives,
  • self-regulation and control of one’s own actions,
  • conscientiousness,
  • a sense of human dignity (from the position of a person who has chosen a certain moral position for himself).

Moral principles are the framework on which social and interpersonal relationships are built.

At the same time, it is fair to assert that moral principles are universal, support social foundations through an external mechanism of influence (public approval or censure of behavior patterns), and can be expressed in moral norms.


What have people always valued in each other? Courage. But why then is this quality not inherent in everyone today? Courage and cowardice go hand in hand. Even though people began to show off their lives, they became more cowardly. They are afraid not only of what they really need to be afraid of, but even of some trifles, like asking the seller in a supermarket where the desired product is. Why is this happening? Courage and cowardice are qualities that are developed in childhood. They are produced by the child independently. Parents can mentor their child, but they will not go to kindergarten or school instead. Therefore, the little man has to solve problems on his own, and sometimes this is not always possible. And if it doesn’t work out over and over again, the person becomes cowardly and is afraid to get into an argument or fight. Such a person cannot protect either his own or others’ interests. How do cowardly people live? Difficult.

Ways to develop moral qualities

The development of any positive characteristic is based on the development of appropriate habits. The easiest way to start is with one good deed a day, even a small one. After some time, this will become a habit; helping people will begin automatically.

You can reward yourself for strong-willed victories. For example, if you managed not to show a negative quality, you can praise yourself and do good.

So, moral and ethical qualities are characteristics of a person that can be described through the concepts of good and evil. The same qualities may manifest themselves differently in different situations, but there is a certain set of characteristics that people consider predominantly positive or negative.


Moral qualities of an individual are formed in childhood. Compassion is one of them. Unlike many others, a person needs compassion infrequently. But it is its presence that can be used to judge how kind or open the person next to you is. Receiving sincere sympathy in our world is very rare. A person does not know how to empathize with someone else's grief. People become more and more selfish every year, they move away from each other and think that grief will always bypass their home. But misfortune and happiness are two close friends. Therefore, sooner or later both will visit a person. How to survive a difficult situation? Call compassionate friends. When a person talks about what worries and depresses him, internal cleansing occurs. But this only happens if the narrator sees sincere compassion in the eyes of the interlocutor.


This is one of the types of independence, expressed in the implementation of such actions that will be the beginning of something new or will serve as a means of changing the existing way of life.

If you develop this quality, it turns into enterprise. This is social courage, overcoming the fear of responsibility. This is also a volitional characteristic of a person’s behavior and is motivation. Developed initiative makes a person energetic, searching and creative. It develops leadership and entrepreneurial qualities.


How to distinguish a good person from a bad one? Look at his life values. If you ask a friend to help, and he asks you for some kind of payment for it, it means that the person next to you is unworthy. You need to surround yourself with selfless people. Such persons will never betray you. They will be able to stay close both in sadness and in joy. But those individuals who are around only when everything is fine with you are false friends.

The formation of moral qualities begins in childhood. How to raise a selfless person? Mom and dad should ask their child to help for no reason. Many parents promise their children candy or other bonuses for helping them around the house or walking the dog. This approach to education lays the foundation in a child’s heart for the formation of self-interest.


The ability to suppress rash, impulsive and emotional reactions, as well as strong desires and drives, aggression, which can incite conflict. Such actions of a strong-willed person include:

  • physical attack (start a fight);
  • passive-aggressive attack (the person slams the door when leaving);
  • verbal attack (insult, altercation, barbs);
  • indirect verbal (anger and dissatisfaction are expressed to third people, behind the offender’s back).

Self-control is also defined as composure and self-control in conflict. Although the first may be associated with a person’s insensitivity and emotional inexcitability. Another manifestation of endurance is stoicism, the ability to endure unpleasant influences or even suffering for a long time, life’s adversities for a long time.

This quality can be found when inappropriate or harmful desires are suppressed. Self-control is the inhibitory component of will (moral stability). It is also a suppression of spontaneity and inhibition of reaction and action. However, endurance is not patience or insensitivity. The first is related to performing an action and maintaining activity. The second is with the psychological structure of the individual.

Intemperance is the opposite of restraint. It may be caused by a corresponding psychological illness or bad character.

Love to motherland

A person must respect the place in which he was born. It is clear that the saying: “where you were born and where you came in handy” is no longer relevant today. But still, patriotism is a feeling that should be embedded in a person’s soul. People who love their homeland will try to work for its benefit. Thanks to this, Russia will develop and grow rich. As a result, people will receive their dividends for love and work. Of course, you need to love wisely. In order for citizens not to be ashamed of the object of their adoration, he must be worthy of love. It is also possible to love something wretched out of compassion, but still such love is not worthy of respect. Patriotism must be present in a person’s soul, just like conscience or kindness. We must not forget about this, because children are the future of our country, and it is on them that adults place their hopes.


In a general sense, this is a long-term counteraction to undesirable factors (usually physiological (fatigue, hunger, pain, fatigue)) that prevent one from achieving a goal within the allotted period of time. This quality begins to manifest itself when a person experiences internal discomfort, an obstacle to completing a task, and begins to experience it.

If we are talking about mental or physical work, then there is a feeling of fatigue, which in turn is associated with a state of fatigue. Patience can be demonstrated by overcoming fatigue. In this case, to continue to work effectively, a person needs to apply additional resources.

The time during which he can do this is an indicator of his endurance, it characterizes his patience. This is a general volitional characteristic that does not depend on the type of difficulty overcome. If we talk about strengthening physical qualities and moral-volitional qualities, then will also depends on the mental parameters of a person.

Responsibility to yourself

Spiritual development presupposes that the individual understands what he is moving towards and sets himself a specific task. Nothing happens in this world without purpose. For any action, even the most basic one, you need to expend certain internal resources. Responsibility to oneself is something that many people run away from and want to free themselves by all available means. You will probably have to work a lot on yourself, strive to overcome laziness, confusion, despondency and bad mood. Taking responsibility means avoiding criticism and blame as much as possible. If a person at some point in time wants to remain satisfied with himself, then he has to go through many obstacles. This is not always a pleasant thing to do, since it is necessary to strive to demonstrate character strengths.

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